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Evidence-Based Resource Summary

Strength of Evidence: 
4 out of 4
4 out of 4
Year Published: 
2016

School-Based Interventions for Preventing HIV, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Pregnancy in Adolescents

Description of Resource: 
Sexually active adolescents, particularly young women, are at high risk of contracting HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Early unintended pregnancy can also have a detrimental impact on young people's lives. This systematic review sought to assess the effects of school-based interventions for reducing HIV, STIs, and pregnancy in adolescents. This review included 8 trials and found little evidence that educational programs alone are effective at reducing STIs or adolescent pregnancy. Incentive-based interventions that focus on keeping young people, especially girls, in secondary school may reduce adolescent pregnancy. Further high-quality trials are needed to confirm this.

Evidence-Based Resource Details

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Developed By: 
Cochrane Review
Developer Type: 
Non-Federal Government
Healthy People 2020 Topic Area(s): 
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Healthy People 2020 Objectives: 
Resource Type: 
Systematic Review
Citation: 
Mason-Jones AJ, Sinclair D, Mathews C, Kagee A, Hillman A, Lombard C. School-based interventions for preventing HIV, sexually transmitted infections, and pregnancy in adolescents. Cochrane Database Syst Rev [Internet]. 2016 [cited 2018 Jan 23];(11). Art. No.: CD006417. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD006417.pub3. Available from: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD006417.pub3/full