School-Based Interventions for Preventing HIV, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Pregnancy in Adolescents
Description of Resource:
Sexually active adolescents, particularly young women, are at high risk of contracting HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Early unintended pregnancy can also have a detrimental impact on young people's lives. This systematic review sought to assess the effects of school-based interventions for reducing HIV, STIs, and pregnancy in adolescents. This review included 8 trials and found little evidence that educational programs alone are effective at reducing STIs or adolescent pregnancy. Incentive-based interventions that focus on keeping young people, especially girls, in secondary school may reduce adolescent pregnancy. Further high-quality trials are needed to confirm this.