Psychological Interventions for Needle-Related Procedural Pain and Distress in Children and Adolescents
Description of Resource:
Psychological interventions like distraction and hypnosis are used to reduce pain and distress during medical procedures involving needles. This systematic review assessed the efficacy of psychological interventions for needle-related procedural pain and distress in children and adolescents. This review identified 39 studies and found that there is strong evidence that distraction and hypnosis are effective. Distraction techniques can often be quite simple, such as reading the child stories, watching television, or talking about something other than the needle. Interventions such as hypnosis may require some teaching by a trained professional. Other psychological treatments, such as explaining what is going to happen before or during the procedure or using virtual reality have been tested. More research is needed to know whether they are effective for reducing children's pain and distress during procedures involving needles.