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Evidence-Based Resource Summary

Strength of Evidence: 
4 out of 4
4 out of 4
Year Published: 

Parent Training Interventions for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Children Aged 5 to 18 Years

Description of Resource: 
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder. For a child to be diagnosed with ADHD, adults must have noticed higher levels of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity in the child before the age of 7 years compared to children of similar age. Parent training programs aim to give parents techniques to manage their child's ADHD-related behavior. This systematic review sought to determine whether parent training interventions are effective in reducing ADHD symptoms and associated problems in children ages 5 to 18 years with a diagnosis of ADHD, compared to controls with no parent training intervention. Of 5 randomized controlled studies, 4 set out to improve children's general behavior and 1 focused specifically on how parents could help their children make friends. Study results showed some improvement in parental stress and general child behavior—but other important outcomes, including ADHD-related behavior, were uncertain. More research and better reporting of the study procedures and results are needed.

Evidence-Based Resource Details

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Developed By: 
Cochrane Library
Developer Type: 
Non-Federal Government
Healthy People 2020 Topic Area(s): 
Early and Middle Childhood
Healthy People 2020 Objectives: 
Resource Type: 
Systematic Review
Zwi M, Jones H, Thorgaard C, York A, Dennis JA. Parent training interventions for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children aged 5 to 18 years. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2011, Issue 12. Art. No.: CD003018. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003018.pub3.