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Evidence-Based Resource Summary

Strength of Evidence: 
4 out of 4
4 out of 4
Year Published: 

Occupational Safety and Health Enforcement Tools for Preventing Occupational Diseases and Injuries

Description of Resource: 
This systematic review assessed the effects of occupational safety and health regulation enforcement tools for preventing occupational diseases and injuries. It identified 23 studies that evaluated the effects of inspections in general and their consequences, such as penalties. It concluded that inspections decrease injuries in the long term but probably not in the short term. The evidence is of low to very low quality because the studies are observational and their results are inconsistent. There is an urgent need for large-scale randomized trials to evaluate different types of inspection methods on exposure, disorders, and injuries.

Evidence-Based Resource Details

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Developed By: 
Cochrane Review
Developer Type: 
Non-Federal Government
Healthy People 2020 Topic Area(s): 
Occupational Safety and Health
Healthy People 2020 Objectives: 
Resource Type: 
Systematic Review
Mischke C, Verbeek JH, Job J, Morata TC, Alvesalo-Kuusi A, Neuvonen K, et al. Occupational safety and health enforcement tools for preventing occupational diseases and injuries. Cochrane Database Syst Rev [Internet]. 2013 [cited 2018 Mar 30];(8). Art. No.: CD010183. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD010183.pub2. Available from: