Mentoring Adolescents to Prevent Drug and Alcohol Use
Description of Resource:
There are high rates of alcohol and drug use among adolescents. This Cochrane review aims to assess the effectiveness of mentoring to prevent adolescent alcohol or drug use. It identified 4 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in the United States with adolescents described as deprived. Most were minority group adolescents. Two RCTs tested the "Across Ages" mentoring program, 1 the Big Brothers/Big Sisters mentoring program, and 1 an intervention with adolescents whose parents were HIV positive. Two RCTs found that mentoring reduced rates of initiation of alcohol use, and 1 reduced initiation of drug use. No adverse effects were identified. The relative youth of 3 of the samples made it unlikely that the interventions would be effective due to low baseline rates of usage.