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Evidence-Based Resource Summary

Strength of Evidence: 
4 out of 4
4 out of 4
Year Published: 
2017

Interventions to Change the Behavior of Health Professionals and the Organization of Care to Promote Weight Reduction in Children and Adults with Overweight or Obesity

Description of Resource: 
The prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing globally with major implications for both population health and the cost of health services. This systematic review aimed to assess the effects of strategies to change the behavior of health professionals or the organization of care to promote weight reduction in children and adults with overweight or obesity. It identified 12 studies, 7 targeting health care professionals and 5 targeting the organization of care. It found little evidence for a clinically important effect on weight or body mass index (BMI) for any of the evaluated interventions. Brief education of primary care physicians in weight management may slightly decrease the weight of their patients. Weight loss programs led by a dietitian or by both a doctor and a dietitian may lead to greater weight loss in adult patients than standard care. Organizational restructuring of the delivery of family practice care led to a slightly lower increase in the BMI of children with obesity at intervention clinics compared to standard care.

Evidence-Based Resource Details

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Developed By: 
Cochrane Review
Developer Type: 
Non-Federal Government
Healthy People 2020 Topic Area(s): 
Nutrition and Weight Status
Healthy People 2020 Objectives: 
Resource Type: 
Systematic Review
Citation: 
Flodgren G, Gonçalves-Bradley DC, Summerbell CD. Interventions to change the behaviour of health professionals and the organisation of care to promote weight reduction in children and adults with overweight or obesity. Cochrane Database Syst Rev [Internet]. 2017 [cited 2018 Mar 30];(11). Art. No.: CD000984. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD000984.pub3. Available from: http://cochranelibrary-wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD000984.pub3/abstract