Interventions for Smokeless Tobacco Use Cessation
Description of Resource:
Use of smokeless tobacco (ST) can lead to tobacco dependence, and long-term use can lead to health problems including periodontal disease, cancer, and cerebrovascular and cardiovascular disease. This Cochrane review aimed to assess the effects of behavioral and drug therapy interventions for the treatment of ST use. This systematic review identified 34 randomized trials covering over 16,000 participants. Sixteen trials with 3,722 participants tested drug therapies. The evidence suggests that the nicotine lozenge might help people quit, but the quality of evidence was low and more research is needed. Seventeen trials with 12,394 participants tested behavioral support. This systematic review could not determine what important elements of effective support were, but providing access to telephone support generally seemed to be helpful.