Interventions for Primary Prevention of Suicide in University and Other Post-Secondary Educational Settings
Description of Resource:
Suicide is a leading cause of death among post-secondary students. However, fewer than half of students who report suicidal thoughts or other serious mental illness have received professional treatment. This systematic review aimed to assess the effectiveness of suicide prevention programs on post-secondary students who are not known to be suicidal. It identified 8 studies with both primary and secondary prevention components, such as classroom instruction, institutional policies, and gatekeeper training programs. It found insufficient evidence to support widespread implementation of any programs or policies for primary suicide prevention in post-secondary educational settings. Rigorously designed studies should test the effects of preventive interventions on important health outcomes, including suicidal ideation and behavior, in varying post-secondary educational settings.