Interventions for Improving Employment Outcomes for Workers with HIV
Description of Resource:
For people living with HIV, job loss can make it even harder to cope with the illness. This systematic review aimed to assess how we can prevent people with HIV from losing their jobs or help them return to work. There are 3 approaches to achieve these aims. The first is to use antiretroviral therapy (ART). The second is to make changes to work tasks or the work environment. The third is to offer psychological support to help the person with HIV cope better with their condition, especially at work. This review identified 5 controlled before-after (CBA) studies from South Africa, India, Uganda, and Kenya and 1 randomized controlled trial from the USA. Five studies examined ART and 1 study examined vocational interventions. These studies found that ART interventions may improve employment outcomes in people with HIV. One study assessed the effect of making changes to work tasks or the work environment but did not report enough data to say if it helped or not. We found no studies on psychological support for workers with HIV.