Household Interventions for Preventing Domestic Lead Exposure in Children
Description of Resource:
Lead poisoning at high levels can cause anemia, multi-organ damage, seizures, coma and death in children. This systematic review identified 14 studies and tried to determine if educational or environmental household interventions, or combinations of both, are effective in preventing or reducing domestic lead exposure in children up to age 18. Children in all studies were younger than age 6. Most studies were performed in areas with low socioeconomic status. All studies reported on blood lead levels. The studies found that educational interventions are not effective in reducing blood lead levels of young children; the quality of this evidence was moderate to high. Dust control interventions may lead to little or no difference in blood lead levels. There is currently insufficient evidence that soil abatement or combination interventions reduce blood lead levels, and further studies need to address this.