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Evidence-Based Resource Summary

Strength of Evidence: 
4 out of 4
4 out of 4
Year Published: 

Home-Based Versus Clinic-Based Specimen Collection in the Management of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhea Infections

Description of Resource: 
Chlamydia and gonorrhea are common sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Management of these infections might be easier if people could collect specimens at home and send them to a laboratory, rather than having to go to a clinic. This systematic review sought to assess the evidence on the effectiveness of home-based specimen collection compared with clinic-based collection for the clinical management of chlamydia and gonorrhea infections. This review identified 10 relevant trials and found no difference between home-based and clinic-based specimen collection in the proportion of people who completed testing, diagnosis, and treatment. Home-based specimen collection could result in similar levels of index case management for chlamydia or gonorrhea infection when compared with clinic-based specimen collection. The safety of home-based specimen collection compared with clinic-based specimen collection was not evaluated.

Evidence-Based Resource Details

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Developed By: 
Cochrane Review
Developer Type: 
Non-Federal Government
Healthy People 2020 Topic Area(s): 
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Healthy People 2020 Objectives: 
Resource Type: 
Systematic Review
Fajardo-Bernal L, Aponte-Gonzalez J, Vigil P, Angel-Müller E, Rincon C, Gaitán HG, Low N. Home-based versus clinic-based specimen collection in the management of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections. Cochrane Database Syst Rev [Internet]. 2015 [cited 2018 Jan 23];(9). Art. No.: CD011317. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD011317.pub2. Available from: