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Evidence-Based Resource Summary

Strength of Evidence: 
4 out of 4
4 out of 4
Year Published: 

Helmets for Preventing Injury in Motorcycle Riders

Description of Resource: 
Motorcyclists are at high risk in traffic crashes, particularly for head injury. This systematic review assessed the effects of wearing a motorcycle helmet in reducing mortality and head and neck injury following motorcycle crashes. The review identified 61 observational studies and found that motorcycle helmets reduced the risk of death and head injury in motorcyclists who crashed. Helmets were estimated to reduce the risk of death by 42% and the risk of head injury by 69%. Insufficient evidence was found to estimate the effect of motorcycle helmets compared with no helmet on facial or neck injuries, or to demonstrate whether differences in helmet type provide more or less protection against types of injury.

Evidence-Based Resource Details

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Developed By: 
Cochrane Review
Developer Type: 
Non-Federal Government
Healthy People 2020 Topic Area(s): 
Injury and Violence Prevention
Healthy People 2020 Objectives: 
Resource Type: 
Systematic Review
Liu BC, Ivers R, Norton R, Boufous S, Blows S, Lo SK. Helmets for preventing injury in motorcycle riders. Cochrane Database Syst Rev [Internet]. 2008 [cited 2017 Dec 29];(1). Art. No.: CD004333. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD004333.pub3.Available from: