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Evidence-Based Resource Summary

Strength of Evidence: 
4 out of 4
4 out of 4
Year Published: 

Health Equity: Out-of-School-Time Academic Programs – General

Description of Resource: 
The Community Preventive Services Task Force recommends general out-of-school-time academic programs that do not focus on a specific subject to improve the reading and math achievement of academically at-risk students, though the magnitude of each effect is smaller than those from reading- and math-focused programs. Out-of-school-time academic programs are programs provided outside of regular school hours to students in grades K–12 who are either low achieving or at risk of low achievement. Programs are offered during the school year—usually after school hours—or during summer recess. Programs must include an academic component, which can range from minimal academic content, such as supervised time for students to complete their homework or receive homework assistance, to more intensive tutoring or remedial classes focused on specific subjects, such as reading or math. To address other goals, programs also may include sports and recreation, snacks, or counseling. Attendance is most often voluntary, though students may be required to participate under certain circumstances (e.g., to avoid retention in grade).

Evidence-Based Resource Details

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Developed By: 
Community Preventive Services Task Force
Developer Type: 
Non-Federal Government
Healthy People 2020 Topic Area(s): 
Adolescent Health
Healthy People 2020 Objectives: 
Resource Type: 
Systematic Review
The Community Guide [Internet]. Health Equity: Out-of-School-Time Academic Programs – General. c2013– [cited 2017 Feb 13]. Available from: