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Evidence-Based Resource Summary

Strength of Evidence: 
4 out of 4
4 out of 4
Year Published: 
2015

Gloves, Gowns and Masks for Reducing the Transmission of Meticillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) in the Hospital Setting

Description of Resource: 
Meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a common type of bacterium that is no longer killed by meticillin or other antibiotics that are frequently used to treat infections. MRSA is easily transferred from one patient to another in hospitals, where it causes severe infections and can cause death. This transmission occurs mainly through healthcare workers when their hands, clothes, or equipment become contaminated with MRSA during routine care of patients who have MRSA. This systematic review sought to examine whether the use of gloves, a gown, or a mask by any person in the hospital (for example, a doctor) who gets close to a patient with MRSA prevents the transmission of MRSA from this patient to other people in the hospital. This review found no studies that addressed this topic. However, this should not be interpreted as demonstrating that gloves, gowns, or masks are not effective; it means that the research that would be required to measure an effect—if there is one—has not been done yet.

Evidence-Based Resource Details

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Developed By: 
Cochrane Review
Developer Type: 
Non-Federal Government
Healthy People 2020 Topic Area(s): 
Healthcare-Associated Infections
Healthy People 2020 Objectives: 
Resource Type: 
Systematic Review
Citation: 
López-Alcalde J, Mateos-Mazón M, Guevara M, Conterno LO, Solà I, Cabir Nunes S, Bonfill Cosp X. Gloves, gowns and masks for reducing the transmission of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in the hospital setting. Cochrane Database Syst Rev [Internet]. 2015 [cited 2017 12 5];(7):Article CD007087. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD007087.pub2. Available from: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD007087.pub2/full