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Evidence-Based Resource Summary

Strength of Evidence: 
4 out of 4
4 out of 4
Year Published: 
2015

Fluoride Gels for Preventing Dental Caries in Children and Adolescents

Description of Resource: 
Tooth decay is a significant health problem worldwide, affecting 60% to 90% of children. Topically applied fluoride gels have been widely used as an intervention to prevent caries (cavities) in dental practices and school-based programs for over 3 decades. This systematic review aimed to determine the effectiveness of fluoride gels for preventing dental caries in children and adolescents. It identified 28 trials involving a total of 9,140 participants. It found that fluoride gels result in a 28% average reduction in decayed, missing, and filled tooth surfaces in permanent teeth—and a 20% average reduction in decayed, missing, and filled tooth surfaces in baby teeth. Future trials should assess potential adverse effects.

Evidence-Based Resource Details

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Developed By: 
Cochrane Review
Developer Type: 
Non-Federal Government
Healthy People 2020 Topic Area(s): 
Oral Health
Healthy People 2020 Objectives: 
Resource Type: 
Systematic Review
Citation: 
Marinho VCC, Worthington HV, Walsh T, Chong LY. Fluoride gels for preventing dental caries in children and adolescents. Cochrane Database Syst Rev [Internet]. 2015 [cited 2018 Apr 30];(6). Art. No.: CD002280. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD002280.pub2. Available from: http://cochranelibrary-wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD002280.pub2/full