Diet, Physical Activity, and Behavioral Interventions for the Treatment of Overweight or Obesity in Preschool Children up to the Age of 6 Years
Description of Resource:
Child overweight and obesity has increased globally and can be associated with short- and long-term health consequences. This systematic review aimed to assess the effects of diet, physical activity, and behavioral interventions for the treatment of overweight or obesity in preschool children up to age 6. It identified 7 randomized controlled trials with a total of 923 participants that studied either multicomponent interventions or dietary interventions for reducing body mass index (BMI). Multicomponent interventions that combine diet, physical activity, and behavioral components appear to be an effective treatment option for preschool children with overweight or obesity up to age 6. One trial found that dairy-rich and energy-restricted diets may reduce BMI, but only the former sustained long-term effects.