Diet, Physical Activity, and Behavioral Interventions for the Treatment of Overweight or Obese Children from the Age of 6 to 11 Years
Description of Resource:
Child and adolescent overweight and obesity has increased globally and can be associated with significant short- and long-term health consequences. This systematic review aimed to assess the effects of diet, physical activity, and behavioral interventions for the treatment of overweight or obesity in children ages 6 to 11. It identified 70 randomized controlled trials with a total of 8,461 participants. It found that multicomponent interventions that incorporate diet, physical activity, and behavior change may be beneficial in achieving small, short-term reductions in body mass index (BMI). Further research is required of behavior-changing interventions in children from different ethnic groups and children in lower-income countries, as well as on the impact of behavior-changing interventions on health-related quality of life and comorbidities. There is a need for longer-term follow-up and further research on the most appropriate forms of post-intervention maintenance in order to ensure intervention benefits are sustainable.