Community Wide Interventions for Increasing Physical Activity
Description of Resource:
Multicomponent, community-wide interventions for physical activity are increasingly popular, but their ability to achieve population-level improvements is unknown. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the effects of community-wide, multicomponent interventions on population levels of physical activity. It identified 33 studies that looked at 267 communities with populations between 500 and 1.9 million people. The interventions varied by the number and intensity of strategies included. Almost all of the interventions included a component of partnership building with local governments or non-governmental organizations. It found noticeable inconsistency of findings and serious methodological issues in the available studies. The body of evidence in this review does not support the hypothesis that multicomponent, community-wide interventions effectively increase physical activity for the population, although some studies with environmental components observed more people walking.