Visit for the latest Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) updates.

You are here

Evidence-Based Resource Summary

Strength of Evidence: 
4 out of 4
4 out of 4
Year Published: 

Bicycle Helmet Legislation for the Uptake of Helmet Use and Prevention of Head Injuries

Description of Resource: 
Cycling is a popular pastime among children and adults and is highly beneficial as a means of transport and getting exercise. However, cycling related injuries are common and can be severe, particularly injuries to the head. This systematic review assessed the effects of bicycle helmet legislation on bicycle-related head injuries and helmet use, and the occurrence of unintended adverse consequences. This review found no randomized controlled trials, but found 5 studies with a contemporary control that looked at bicycle-related head injury or bicycle helmet use. The results of the review support bicycle helmet legislation for reducing head injuries, but the evidence is currently insufficient to either support or negate the claim that helmet laws may discourage cycling.

Evidence-Based Resource Details

help Learn more about EBR criteria
Developed By: 
Cochrane Review
Developer Type: 
Non-Federal Government
Healthy People 2020 Topic Area(s): 
Injury and Violence Prevention
Healthy People 2020 Objectives: 
Resource Type: 
Systematic Review
Macpherson A, Spinks A. Bicycle helmet legislation for the uptake of helmet use and prevention of head injuries. Cochrane Database Syst Rev [Internet]. 2008 [cited 2017 Dec 29];(3). Art. No.: CD005401. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD005401.pub3. Available from: