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Evidence-Based Resource Summary

Strength of Evidence: 
4 out of 4
4 out of 4
Year Published: 

Behavioral Interventions for Improving Contraceptive Use Among Women Living with HIV

Description of Resource: 
Family planning services can help women with HIV use birth control and prevent unwanted pregnancies. This systematic review assessed studies of behavioral interventions to improve contraceptive use for women with HIV. Ten studies with more than 16,000 participants were identified from 7 African countries. Three studies compared an enhanced family planning (FP) program versus usual care, 3 looked at FP services combined with HIV care, and 4 studied HIV-positive versus HIV-negative women. In 1 study, women with enhanced FP services used modern birth control more often than women with basic FP services. In another, women with combined HIV care and FP services used more effective birth control more often than those referred elsewhere for FP. Another study of combined HIV testing and FP services found that pregnancy rates were similar for women with HIV and women without HIV, but women with HIV had fewer unwanted pregnancies.

Evidence-Based Resource Details

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Developed By: 
Cochrane Review
Developer Type: 
Non-Federal Government
Healthy People 2020 Topic Area(s): 
Healthy People 2020 Objectives: 
Resource Type: 
Systematic Review
Lopez LM, Grey TW, Chen M, Denison J, Stuart G. Behavioral interventions for improving contraceptive use among women living with HIV. Cochrane Database Syst Rev [Internet]. 2016 [cited 2018 Jan 23];(8). Art. No.: CD010243. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD010243.pub3. Available from: