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Evidence-Based Resource Summary

Strength of Evidence: 
4 out of 4
4 out of 4
Year Published: 

Alcohol – Excessive Consumption: Dram Shop Liability

Description of Resource: 
The Community Preventive Services Task Force concludes that dram shop liability is effective in preventing and reducing alcohol-related harms. Dram shop liability allows the owner or server of a retail alcohol establishment where a customer recently consumed alcoholic beverages to be held legally responsible for the harms inflicted by that customer. Dram shop liability and overservice law enforcement initiatives prevent excessive alcohol consumption and related harms. Examples of such harms may include death, injury, or other damages as a result of an alcohol-related car crash. Historically, the term dram shop referred to any establishment where alcohol was sold; a dram was a measure of alcohol. Some states impose restrictions on dram shop liability by capping the amount of compensation allowed in suits, by increasing the evidence required to demonstrate responsibility, or by imposing statutes of limitations.

Evidence-Based Resource Details

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Developed By: 
Community Preventive Services Task Force
Developer Type: 
Non-Federal Government
Healthy People 2020 Topic Area(s): 
Injury and Violence Prevention
Substance Abuse
Healthy People 2020 Objectives: 
Resource Type: 
Systematic Review
The Community Guide [Internet]. Alcohol – Excessive Consumption: Dram Shop Liability. c2010– [cited 2016 Dec 30]. Available from: