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Social Determinants

Many factors combine to affect the health of individuals and communities. Factors such as where we live, the state of our environment, genetics, our income and education level, and our relationships with friends and family all have considerable impacts on health.1 For example, lower education levels are associated with lower income, higher likelihood of smoking, and shorter life expectancy.2

On-Time High School Graduation Rates by Race/Ethnicity, 2014–15

On-time high school graduation rates, defined as the percentage of students awarded a high school diploma 4 years after starting 9th grade, varied among racial and ethnic groups in the 2014–15 school year.
Asian or Pacific Islander non-Hispanic: 90%
White non-Hispanic: 88%
Hispanic: 78%
Black non-Hispanic: 75%
American Indian or Alaska Native non-Hispanic: 72%

Data source: Common Core of Data (CCD), ED/NCES.

On-Time High School Graduation Rate

83% of students attending public schools graduated with a regular diploma 4 years after starting 9th grade in the 2014–15 school year.
Healthy People 2020 Target: 87%
Most Recent (2014–15): 83%
5% increase needed.

Data source: Common Core of Data (CCD), ED/NCES.

1  http://www.who.int/hia/evidence/doh/en/

2 Marmot M et al. Closing the Gap in a Generation: Health Equity through Action on the Social Determinants of Health. The Lancet. 2008 Nov 8;372(9650):1661–1669.