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Reproductive and Sexual Health

Accessing reproductive health services is how many people first enter the medical care system in the United States. The services improve personal and public health and reduce overall health care costs by providing family planning services, HIV and STD testing and treatment, and prenatal care.

 

Reproductive Health Services

In 2011-2013, 81.2% of sexually active females aged 20-44 years with a 4-year college degree received reproductive health services in the past 12 months, compared to 67.4% of females with a high school education or GED.

  • 4-year college degree: 81.2%
  • High school or GED: 67.4%

 

Data source: National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG), CDC/NCHS.

 

Awareness of HIV Infection

In 2012, the percentage of persons living with HIV who were aware of their HIV infection increased with age.

  • 55.8% among persons aged 13-24 years
  • 73.7% among persons aged 25-34 years
  • 86.8% among persons aged 35-44 years
  • 92.1% among persons aged 45-54 years
  • 94.0% among persons aged 55-64 years
  • 96.7% among persons aged 65 years and over

 

Data source: HIV Surveillance System, CDC/NCHHSTP.

 

Healthy People 2020 Targets

Reproductive Health Services

In 2011-2013, 77.3% of sexually active females aged 15-44 years received reproductive health services in the past 12 months.

  • Most recent: 77.3%
  • 2020 target: 86.5%
  • 11.9% increase needed

 

Data source: National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG), CDC/NCHS.

 

Awareness of HIV Infection

In 2012, 87.2% of persons aged 13 years and over living with HIV were aware of their HIV infection.

  • Most recent: 87.2%
  • 2020 Target: 90.0%
  • 3.2% increase needed

 

Data source: HIV Surveillance System, CDC/NCHHSTP.