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Reproductive and Sexual Health Accessing quality reproductive and sexual health care is important to men and women. Access to reproductive services allows for testing and treatment for HIV and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Untreated STDs can lead to serious long-term health consequences, especially for adolescent girls and young women, including reproductive health problems and infertility, fetal and perinatal health problems, cancer, and further sexual transmission of HIV.

 

Reproductive Health Services 

In 2011–13, 81.2% of sexually active females aged 20–44 years with a 4-year college degree received reproductive health services in the past 12 months, compared to 67.4% of females with a high school education or GED. 
 
  • 4-year college degree: 81.2%
  • High school or GED: 67.4%
 
Data source: National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG), CDC/NCHS.
 
Awareness of HIV Infection
In 2013, twice as many persons aged 65 years and over years living with HIV were aware of their HIV infection compared to persons aged 13–24 years. 
 
  • 48.6% among persons aged 13–24 years
  • 98.2% among persons aged 65 years and over
 
Data source: National HIV Surveillance System, CDC/NCHHSTP.
 
Healthy People 2020 Targets
 
Reproductive Health Services
In 2011–2013, 77.3% of sexually active females aged 15–44 years received reproductive health services in the past 12 months.
 
HP2020 Target: 86.5%
11.9% increase needed.
Data source: National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG), CDC/NCHS.
 
Awareness of HIV Infection
In 2013, 87.0% of persons aged 13 years and over living with HIV were aware of their HIV infection.
 
HP2020 Target: 90.0%
3.4% increase needed.
Data source: National HIV Surveillance System, CDC/NCHHSTP.