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Reproductive and Sexual Health

Thanks to advances in HIV treatments, more people are managing their condition and living longer, which makes transmission prevention increasingly important. In addition, reproductive health services improve health and reduce costs by covering family planning, HIV and STD testing and treatment, and prenatal care.

Related Disparities

Disparities by Sex

Awareness of HIV Status

In 2009, among people age 13 and older living with HIV, a higher percentage of women were aware of their HIV status than men.

84.7% Female
81.0% Male

Disparities by Education Level

Reproductive Health Services

85.2% Advanced Degree
66.5% High School Education

In 2006–10, 85.2% of sexually experienced women age 15–44 with an advanced degree received reproductive health services in the last 12 months, compared to 66.5% with less than a high school education.

2020 Targets

Awareness of HIV Status

2020 Target: 90%

Increase the proportion of persons age 13 and older living with HIV who are aware of their HIV status.

81.9% 2009
90.0% 2020 Target
9.9% increase needed

Reproductive Health Services

2020 Target: 86.5%

Increase the proportion of sexually experienced females age 15–44 who received reproductive health services in the past 12 months. 

78.6% 2006–10
86.5% 2020 Target
10.0% increase needed