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Reproductive and Sexual Health

Accessing reproductive health services is how many people first enter the medical care system in the United States. The services improve personal and public health and reduce overall health care costs by providing family planning services, HIV and STD testing and treatment, and prenatal care.

Reproductive Health Services

In 2006–10, 85.2% of females aged 20–44 years with an advanced degree received reproductive health services in the past 12 months, compared to 66.5% of females with less than a high school education.

Data source: National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG). CDC/NCHS.

Rates for females 20-44 who received reproductive health services by education level:
Advanced Degree: 85.2%
Less than High School: 66.5%

Awareness of HIV Infection

In 2010, a higher percentage of women were aware of their HIV infection than men.

Data source: HIV Surveillance System. CDC/NCHHSTP.

Rates for awareness of HIV infection by gender:
Women: 87.8%
Men: 83.0%

Healthy People 2020 Targets

REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH SERVICES

Increase the proportion of sexually experienced females aged 15 to 44 years who received reproductive health services in the last 12 months.
HP 2020 Target: 86.5%
2006–10: 78.6%
10.1% increase needed

Data source: National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG). CDC/NCHS.

AWARENESS OF HIV INFECTION

Increase the proportion of persons aged 13 years and older living with HIV who are aware of their HIV infection.
HP 2020 Target: 90.0%
2010: 84.2%
6.9% increase needed

Data source: HIV Surveillance System. CDC/NCHHSTP.