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Maternal, Infant, and Child Health

Infant Mortality Rate by Race and Ethnicity of Mother, 2015

The infant mortality rate experienced by infants born to non-Hispanic black mothers was more than 2.5 times the rate experienced by infants born to Asian or Pacific Islander mothers (11.2 and 4.2 deaths under 1 year of age per 1,000 live births, respectively). 

Black, not Hispanic: 11.2 infant deaths per 1,000 live births
American Indian or Alaska Native: 8.3 infant deaths per 1,000 live births
Hispanic: 5.0 infant deaths per 1,000 live births
White, not Hispanic: 4.9 infant deaths per 1,000 live births
Asian or Pacific Islander: 4.2 infant deaths per 1,000 live births

Data source: Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set, CDC/NCHS.

Infant Deaths

5.9 infant deaths per 1,000 live births occurred within the first year of life in 2015.
HP2020 Target: 6.0 infant deaths per 1,000 live births
Target has been exceeded.

Data source: Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set, CDC/NCHS.

Preterm Births

9.8% of live births were delivered preterm (<37 weeks gestation) in 2016.
HP2020 Target: 9.4%
4.1% decrease needed.

Data source: National Vital Statistics System-Natality (NVSS-N), CDC/NCHS.