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Mental Health

Latest Data

 

Where We’ve Been and Where We’re Going

The suicide rate increased 18.2% between 2004 and 2014, from 11.0 to 13.0 per 100,000 population (age adjusted). In 2014, several population groups in specific demographic categories had the lowest suicide rate, including the black non-Hispanic population and females.
 
In 2013, 10.7% of adolescents aged 12–17 years had a major depressive episode (MDE) in the past 12 months. Several population groups in specific demographic categories had the lowest rate of an MDE in the past 12 months, including the American Indian or Alaska Native population, males, and persons aged 12–13 years.
 

Leading Health Indicators

Explore the latest data and disparities for each indicator.
Suicides (MHMD-1)
Adolescents who experience major depressive episode (MHMD-4.1)

Suicides (MHMD-1)

  • Healthy People 2020 objective MHMD-1 tracks the suicide rate for the total population.
    • HP2020 Baseline: 11.3 suicides per 100,000 population (age adjusted) occurred in 2007.
    • HP2020 Target: 10.2 suicides per 100,000 population (age adjusted), a 10% improvement over the baseline.
    • The suicide rate for the total population increased by 18.2% between 2004 and 2014, from 11.0 to 13.0 per 100,000 population (age adjusted). 
  • Disparities were observed for a number of population groups in 2014. For example:
    • Among racial and ethnic groups, the black non-Hispanic population had the lowest suicide rate, 5.7 per 100,000 population (age adjusted). The rates were highest for the white non-Hispanic and the American Indian or Alaska Native populations (16.4 and 10.9 per 100,000 population, age adjusted, respectively). The rate for the white non-Hispanic population was more than 2.5 times the best group rate.
    • Females had a lower suicide rate than males (5.8 versus 20.7 per 100,000 population, age adjusted). The rate for males was more than 3.5 times the rate for females.

Suicide Rate by Sex, 2014

Suicide Rate by Sex Graphic

Data source: National Vital Statistics System-Mortality (NVSS-M), CDC/NCHS; Bridged-Race Population Estimates, CDC/NCHS and Census.
 
  • Suicide rates varied by age group. Rates for age groups were:
    • 5.2 suicides per 100,000 population among persons aged 12–17 years
    • 13.2 suicides per 100,000 population among persons aged 18–24 years
    • 15.8 suicides per 100,000 population among persons aged 25–44 years
    • 19.5 suicides per 100,000 population among persons aged 45–64 years
    • 16.6 suicides per 100,000 population among persons aged 65 years and over
  • Persons living in metropolitan areas had a lower suicide rate (12.3 per 100,000 population, age adjusted) than persons living in non-metropolitan areas (16.8 per 100,000 population, age adjusted).  
Notes:
  • All disparities described are statistically significant at the 0.05 level of significance unless noted otherwise. 
  • Data (except those by marital status, country of birth, and age group) are age adjusted to the 2000 standard population using the age groups <1, 1–4, 5–14, 15–24, 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, 75–84, and 85+. Data by marital status are adjusted using the age groups 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, 75–84, and 85+. Data by country of birth are adjusted using the age groups <5, 5–17, 18–24, 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, and 75+. Data by age group are not age adjusted. Age-adjusted rates are weighted sums of age-specific rates.
  • Data are available annually from the National Vital Statistics System-Mortality (NVSS-M), CDC/NCHS; Bridged-Race Population Estimates, CDC/NCHS and Census.

Adolescents who experience major depressive episodes (MHMD-4.1)

  • Healthy People 2020 objective MHMD-4.1 tracks the proportion of adolescents aged 12–17 years who experienced a major depressive episode (MDE) in the past 12 months.
    • HP2020 Baseline: In 2008, 8.3% of adolescents aged 12–17 years had an MDE in the past 12 months. 
    • Most Recent: In 2013, 10.7% of adolescents aged 12–17 years had an MDE in the past 12 months.
    • HP2020 Target: 7.5%, a 10% improvement over the baseline.
  • Disparities were observed for a number of population groups in 2013. For example:
    • American Indian or Alaska Native adolescents had the lowest rate of experiencing an MDE in the past 12 months, 7.2%, compared to 13.0% for adolescents who identify with 2 or more races, 11.4% for Hispanic or Latino adolescents, 10.9% for white non-Hispanic adolescents, 10.3% for Asian adolescents, 8.6% for black non-Hispanic adolescents, and 8.0% for Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander adolescents. The differences between black non-Hispanic and Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander adolescents and American Indian or Alaska Native adolescents were not statistically significant.  
    • A higher proportion of adolescent females had an MDE in the past 12 months, 16.2%, compared to adolescent males, 5.3%. The rate for females was more than 3 times that for males.
    • Among age groups, adolescents aged 12–13 years had the lowest rate of experiencing an MDE in the past 12 months, 6.1%, compared to 12.4% among adolescents aged 14–15 years and 13.2% among adolescents aged 16–17 years. Rates for adolescents aged 14–15 years and adolescents aged 16–17 years were twice and more than twice the rate for adolescents aged 12–13 years, respectively.

Major Depressive Episodes among Adolescents by Sex, 2013

Major Depressive Episodes by Sex

Data source: National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), SAMHSA.

  • Among age groups, adolescents aged 12–13 years had the lowest rate of experiencing an MDE in the past 12 months, 6.1%, compared to 12.4% among adolescents aged 14–15 years and 13.2% among adolescents aged 16–17 years. Rates for adolescents aged 14–15 years and adolescents aged 16–17 years were twice and more than twice the rate for adolescents aged 12–13 years, respectively.
Notes:
  • All disparities described are statistically significant at the 0.05 level of significance unless noted otherwise. 
  • Data are available annually from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), SAMHSA.
 

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