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Mental Health

Latest Data

Explore the latest data and disparities for each indicator.

Download the latest Mental Health Data in spreadsheet format [41 – KB]

Where We’ve Been and Where We’re Going

The suicide rate increased 19.5% between 2007 and 2016, from 11.3 to 13.5 per 100,000 population (age adjusted). In 2016, several population groups had the lowest suicide rate in their demographic category, including the non-Hispanic black population and females.

Between 2008 and 2016, the proportion of adolescents aged 12–17 years who had a major depressive episode (MDE) in the past 12 months increased 54.2%, from 8.3% to 12.8%. In 2016, several population groups had the lowest rate of an MDE in the past 12 months in their demographic category, including the Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander population, males, and persons aged 12–13 years.

Suicides (MHMD-1)

  • Healthy People 2020 objective MHMD-1 tracks the suicide rate for the total population.
    • HP2020 Baseline: 11.3 suicides per 100,000 population (age adjusted) occurred in 2007.
    • HP2020 Target: 10.2 suicides per 100,000 population (age adjusted), a 10% improvement over the baseline.
    • The suicide rate for the total population increased by 19.5% between 2007 and 2016, from 11.3 to 13.5 per 100,000 population (age adjusted).
  • Disparities were observed for a number of population groups in 2016. For example:
    • Among racial and ethnic groups, the non-Hispanic black population had the lowest suicide rate, 6.3 per 100,000 population (age adjusted). The age-adjusted rates for other racial and ethnic groups were:
      • 17.0 suicides per 100,000 population among non-Hispanic white persons; more than 2.5 times the best group rate
      • 13.5 suicides per 100,000 population among American Indian or Alaska Native persons; more than twice the best group rate
      • 6.7 suicides per 100,000 population among Asian or Pacific Islander persons; 5.9% higher than the best group rate*
      • 6.7 suicides per 100,000 population among Hispanic or Latino persons; 6.5% higher than the best group rate*

Suicide Rate by Sex, 2016

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Data sources: National Vital Statistics System–Mortality (NVSS–M), CDC/NCHS; Bridged-race Population Estimates, CDC/NCHS and Census.

  • Females had a lower suicide rate than males (6.0 versus 21.4 per 100,000 population, age adjusted). The rate for males was 3.5 times the rate for females.
  • Suicide rates varied by age group. Rates for age groups were:
    • 5.9 suicides per 100,000 population among persons aged 12–17 years
    • 15.0 suicides per 100,000 population among persons aged 18–24 years
    • 16.9 suicides per 100,000 population among persons aged 25–44 years
    • 19.2 suicides per 100,000 population among persons aged 45–64 years
    • 16.7 suicides per 100,000 population among persons aged 65 years and over
  • Persons living in metropolitan areas had a lower suicide rate than persons living in non-metropolitan areas (12.7 versus 18.0 per 100,000 population, age adjusted). The suicide rate for persons living in non-metropolitan areas was 41.0% higher than that for persons living in metropolitan areas.

Notes:

  • *Unrounded values with additional decimal places beyond what are shown here are used in calculating health disparities, including identifying the best group and calculating the differences between groups. Rounded values displayed here are used in calculating changes over time and percent change needed to meet the target.
  • Unless noted otherwise, all differences described are statistically significant at the 0.05 level of significance using a 1-sided test for disparities and a 2-sided test for trends.
  • Data (except those by marital status, country of birth, and age group) are age adjusted to the 2000 standard population using the age groups <1, 1–4, 5–14, 15–24, 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, 75–84, and 85+. Data by marital status are adjusted using the age groups 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, 75–84, and 85+. Data by country of birth are adjusted using the age groups <5, 5–17, 18–24, 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, and 75+. Data by age group are not age adjusted. Age-adjusted rates are weighted sums of age-specific rates.
  • Data are available annually from the National Vital Statistics System–Mortality (NVSS–M), CDC/NCHS; Bridged-race Population Estimates, CDC/NCHS and Census.

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Adolescents who experience major depressive episodes (MHMD-4.1)

  • Healthy People 2020 objective MHMD-4.1 tracks the proportion of adolescents aged 12–17 years who experienced a major depressive episode (MDE) in the past 12 months.
    • HP2020 Baseline: In 2008, 8.3% of adolescents aged 12–17 years had an MDE in the past 12 months.
    • HP2020 Target: 7.5%, a 10% improvement over the baseline.
    • Between 2008 and 2016, the proportion of adolescents aged 12–17 years who had an MDE in the past 12 months increased 54.2%, from 8.3% to 12.8%.
  • Disparities were observed for a number of population groups in 2016. For example:
    • Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander adolescents aged 12–17 years had the lowest rate of experiencing an MDE in the past 12 months, 7.1%. The rates for other racial and ethnic groups were:
      • 14.5% of adolescents who identify with 2 or more races; twice the best group rate
      • 13.8% of non-Hispanic white adolescents; 94.6% higher than the best group rate
      • 12.7% of Hispanic or Latino adolescents; not significantly different than the best group rate
      • 12.1% of Asian adolescents; not significantly different than the best group rate
      • 12.0% of American Indian or Alaska Native adolescents; not significantly different than the best group rate
      • 9.1% of non-Hispanic black adolescents; not significantly different than the best group rate

Major Depressive Episodes (MDEs) among Adolescents by Sex, 2016

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Data source: National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), SAMHSA.

  • A higher proportion of adolescent females aged 12–17 years had an MDE in the past 12 months compared to adolescent males (19.4% versus 6.4%). The rate for females was 3 times that for males.
  • Among age groups, adolescents aged 12–13 years had the lowest rate of experiencing an MDE in the past 12 months, 7.3%. The rates for other age groups were:
    • 13.3% of adolescents aged 14–15 years; 82.2% higher than the best group rate
    • 17.2% of adolescents aged 16–17 years; more than twice the best group rate

Notes:

  • Unless noted otherwise, all differences described are statistically significant at the 0.05 level of significance using a 1-sided test for disparities and a 2-sided test for trends.
  • Unrounded values with additional decimal places beyond what are shown here are used in calculating health disparities, including identifying the best group and calculating the differences between groups. Rounded values displayed here are used in calculating changes over time and percent change needed to meet the target.
  • The terms “Hispanic or Latino” and “Hispanic” are used interchangeably in this report.
  • Data are available annually from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), SAMHSA.