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Injury and Violence

Latest Data

Explore the latest data for the LHI topic Injury and Violence.
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Where We’ve Been and Where We’re Going

Between 2005 and 2015, the death rate from all injuries regardless of intent increased by 9.6%, from 58.3 to 63.9 deaths per 100,000 population (age adjusted). During the same time period, the homicide rate declined 6.6%, from 6.1 to 5.7 deaths per 100,000 population (age adjusted). In 2015, several population groups had lower rates of injury death and homicide than their counterparts, including the Asian or Pacific Islander population and women. While those residing in metropolitan areas had a lower rate of injury deaths, they had a higher rate of homicide than those living in non-metropolitan areas.

Leading Health Indicators

Explore the latest data and disparities for each indicator.

Injury Deaths (IVP-1.1) 

  • Healthy People 2020 objective IVP-1.1 tracks deaths from all injuries regardless of intent (unintentional, intentional, and undetermined).
    • HP2020 Baseline: In 2007, 59.7 deaths per 100,000 population (age adjusted) were caused by injuries.
    • HP2020 Target: 53.7 deaths per 100,000 population, a 10% improvement over the baseline.
    • Most Recent: In 2015, 63.9 deaths per 100,000 population (age adjusted) were caused by injuries.
  • Among racial and ethnic groups, the Asian or Pacific Islander population had the lowest injury death rate, 24.6 deaths per 100,000 population (age adjusted) in 2015. The age-adjusted rates for other racial and ethnic groups were:
    • 71.8 injury deaths per 100,000 population among American Indian or Alaska Native persons (highest rate); more than 2.5 times the best group rate
    • 70.6 injury deaths per 100,000 population among non-Hispanic white persons; more than 2.5 times the best group rate
    • 67.0 injury deaths per 100,000 population among non-Hispanic black persons; more than 2.5 times the best group rate
    • 40.5 injury deaths per 100,000 population among Hispanic or Latino persons; 64.6% higher than the best group rate
  • In 2015, females had a lower age-adjusted injury death rate than males (38.1 versus 91.1 deaths per 100,000 population). The rate for males was more than twice the rate for females.
  • Persons living in metropolitan areas had a lower age-adjusted injury death rate than persons living in non-metropolitan areas (60.6 versus 81.5 deaths per 100,000 population) in 2015. The rate for persons living in non-metropolitan areas was 34.6% higher than the rate for persons living in metropolitan areas.
  • Persons aged less than 18 years had the lowest injury death rate, 12.0 deaths per 100,000 population in 2015, among broad age groups. Rates for the other age groups were:
    • 70.2 injury deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 18–44 years; more than 5.5 times the best group rate
    • 74.9 injury deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 45–64 years; more than 6 times the best group rate
    • 127.2 injury deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 65 years and over (highest rate); more than 10.5 times the best group rate
  • When further refining the age groups, persons aged 5–11 years had the lowest injury death rate, 4.4 deaths per 100,000 population in 2015. Rates for the other age groups were:
    • 16.6 injury deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 0–4 years; more than 3.5 times the best group rate
    • 17.1 injury deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 12–17 years; more than 3.5 times the best group rate
    • 64.1 injury deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 18–24 years; more than 14.5 times the best group rate
    • 72.4 injury deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 25–44 years; more than 16 times the best group rate
    • 77.7 injury deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 45–54 years; more than 17.5 times the best group rate
    • 72.0 injury deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 55–64 years; more than 16 times the best group rate
    • 65.3 injury deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 65–74 years; more than 14.5 times the best group rate
    • 132.3 injury deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 75–84 years; 30 times the best group rate
    • 387.2 injury deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 85 years and over (highest rate); more than 87.5 times the best group rate

Injury Death Rate by Sex, 2015

Injury Death Rate by Sex, 2015

Data sources: National Vital Statistics System–Mortality (NVSS–M), CDC/NCHS; and Bridged–race Population Estimates, CDC/NCHS and Census.

 
Endnotes:
  • Unless otherwise stated, all comparisons described are statistically significant at the 0.05 level of significance using a 1-sided test for disparities and a 2-sided test for trends.
  • Data for this measure are available annually from the National Vital Statistics System–Mortality (NVSS–M), CDC/NCHS; and Bridged–race Population Estimates, CDC/NCHS and Census.
  • The terms “Hispanic or Latino” and “Hispanic” are used interchangeably in this report.
  • Data (except those by country of birth and age group) are age adjusted to the 2000 standard population using the age groups less than 1, 1–4, 5–14, 15–24, 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, 75–84, and 85 years and over. Data by country of birth are age adjusted using the age groups less than 5, 5–17, 18–24, 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, and 75 years and over. Data by age group are not age adjusted. Age-adjusted rates are weighted sums of age-specific rates.

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Homicides (IVP-29) 

  • Healthy People 2020 objective IVP-29 tracks homicide rates.
    • HP2020 Baseline: In 2007, there were 6.1 homicides per 100,000 population (age adjusted).
    • HP2020 Target: 5.5 homicides per 100,000 population, a 10% improvement over the baseline.
    • Most Recent: In 2015, there were 5.7 homicides per 100,000 population (age adjusted).
  • Among racial and ethnic groups, the Asian or Pacific Islander population had the lowest age-adjusted rate of deaths from homicide, 1.6 per 100,000 population in 2015. The rates for the other racial and ethnic groups were:
    • 20.9 homicides per 100,000 population among non-Hispanic black persons (highest rate); more than 13 times the best group rate
    • 6.2 homicides per 100,000 population among American Indian or Alaska Native persons; more than 3.5 times the best group rate
    • 4.9 homicides per 100,000 population among Hispanic or Latino persons; more than 3 times the best group rate
    • 2.6 homicides per 100,000 population among non-Hispanic white persons; 67.6% higher than the best group rate
  • Females had a lower age-adjusted homicide rate than males (2.2 versus 9.1 per 100,000 population) in 2015. The homicide rate for males was more than 4 times the rate for females.
  • Persons living in non-metropolitan areas had a lower age-adjusted homicide rate than persons living in metropolitan areas (4.9 versus 5.8 deaths per 100,000 population) in 2015. The rate for persons living in metropolitan areas was 18.8% higher than the rate for persons living in non-metropolitan areas.
  • Persons aged 65 years and over had the lowest homicide rate, 2.0 deaths per 100,000 population in 2015, among broad age groups. Rates for the other age groups were:
    • 2.1 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged less than 18 years; not significantly different than the best group rate
    • 10.2 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 18–44 years; more than 5 times the best group rate
    • 4.1 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 45–64 years; twice the best group rate
  • When further refining the age groups, persons aged 5–11 years had the lowest homicide rate, 0.6 deaths per 100,000 population in 2015. Rates for the other age groups were:
    • 3.2 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 0–4 years; more than 5 times the best group rate
    • 3.0 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 12–17 years; more than 4.5 times the best group rate
    • 13.2 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 18–24 years (highest rate); more than 21 times the best group rate
    • 9.2 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 25–44 years; more than 14.5 times the best group rate
    • 4.9 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 45–54 years; more than 7.5 times the best group rate
    • 3.2 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 55–64 years; more than 5 times the best group rate
    • 2.0 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 65–74 years; more than 3 times the best group rate
    • 2.1 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 75–84 years; more than 3 times the best group rate
    • 1.7 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 85 years and over; more than 2.5 times the best group rate

Homicides by Race/Ethnicity, 2015

Homicides by Race/Ethnicity, 2015

Data sources: National Vital Statistics System–Mortality (NVSS–M), CDC/NCHS; and Bridged-race Population Estimates, CDC/NCHS and Census.

Endnotes:
  • Unless otherwise stated, all comparisons described are statistically significant at the 0.05 level of significance using a 1-sided test for disparities and a 2-sided test for trends.
  • Data for this measure are available annually from the National Vital Statistics System–Mortality (NVSS–M), CDC/NCHS; and Bridged–race Population Estimates, CDC/NCHS and Census.
  • The terms “Hispanic or Latino” and “Hispanic” are used interchangeably in this report.
  • Data (except those by country of birth and age group) are age adjusted to the 2000 standard population using the age groups less than 1, 1–4, 5–14, 15–24, 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, 75–84, and 85 years and over. Data by country of birth are adjusted using the age groups less than 5, 5–17, 18–24, 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, and 75 years and over. Data by age group are not age adjusted. Age-adjusted rates are weighted sums of age-specific rates.