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ZIP Business Patterns


Data consist of number of establishments, employment during the week of March 12, first quarter payroll, and annual payroll. No data are provided that would disclose the operations of an individual employer.

U.S. Census Bureau
Data Years Available: 
ZIP Code Business Patterns data were first tabulated and released to the public in 1994.
Mode of Collection: 
Selected Content: 
ZIP Business Patterns presents business counts, by size, for hundreds of industries, plus summaries by ZIP code (without industry breakdown) for employment, payroll, and counts by employment size.
Population Covered: 

ZBP is a compilation and publication of data extracted from the Business Register (BR). The BR contains the U.S. Census Bureau's most complete, current, and consistent data for U.S. business establishments. The BR is updated continuously and incorporates data from Census Bureau economic censuses and current business surveys, quarterly and annual Federal income and payroll tax records, and other Departmental and Federal statistics and administrative records programs. The Business Register is a multi-relational database that contains a record for each known establishment that is located in the United States or Puerto Rico and has employees. An establishment is a single physical location where business transactions take place and for which payroll and employment records are kept. Groups of one or more establishments under common ownership or control are firms. A single-unit firm owns or operates only one establishment. A multi-unit firm owns or operates two or more establishments. The treatment of establishments on the Business Register differs according to whether the establishment is part of a single-unit or multi-unit firm.

Response Rates and Sample Size: 

ZBP databases cover businesses in around 40,000 5-digit ZIP codes nationwide.

Interpretation Issues: