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STD Surveillance System


Surveillance information on the incidence and prevalence of STDs is used to inform public and private health efforts to control these diseases. Case reporting data are available for nationally notifiable chanchroid, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis. Surveillance of other STDs, such as genital herpes, simplex virus, genital warts, or other human papillomavirus infections and trichomoniasis are based on estimates of office visits to physicians' office practices provided by the National Disease and Therapeutic Index.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention
Data Years Available: 
Mode of Collection: 
Case reports of STDs are reported to CDC by STD surveillance systems operated by state and local STD control programs and state and local health departments.
Selected Content: 
Case reports, including basic demographic information for each case.
Population Covered: 
Case of STDs reported to CDC. Coverage includes the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and U.S. dependencies, possessions, and independent nations in free association with the United States.

Information is obtained from the following data sources: (a) case reports from STD project areas; (b) prevalence data from the Regional Infertility Prevention Project, the National Job Training Program, the Corrections STD Prevalence Monitoring Projects, and Men Who Have Sex With Men Prevalence Monitoring Project; (c ) sentinel surveillance of gonococcal antimicrobial resistance from the Gonococcal Isolate Surveillance Project; and (d) national sample surveys implemented by federal and private organizations. STD data are submitted to CDC on a variety of hard-copy summary reporting forms (monthly, quarterly, and annually) and in electronic summary or individual case-specific (line-listed) formats via the National Electronic Telecommunications System for Surveillance.

Response Rates and Sample Size: 
Interpretation Issues: 

National Center for Health Statistics. Health United States 2009: With Special Feature on Medical Technology. Hyattsville, Maryland. 2010; pg 485.