Data Years Available:
SHPPS was conducted at the state, district, school, and classroom levels in 1994, 2000, and 2006. In 2012, SHPPS was conducted at the state and district levels. School and classroom level data collection will take place in 2014.
Mode of Collection:
Computer-assisted telephone interviews and self-administered mail questionnaires completed by personnel in state education departments, school districts, and schools.
SHPSS data addresses the following components of school health: (1) health education, (2) physical education and activity, (3) health services, (4) mental health and social services, (5) nutrition services, (6) healthy and safe school environment, (7) faculty and staff health promotion, and (8) family and community involvement.
Public and private elementary, middle, and high schools in the U.S.
For SHPPS 2006, state-level data were collected from all 50 states and the District of Columbia. District-level data were collected from a nationally representative sample of public school districts. School-level data were collected from a nationally representative sample of public and private elementary, middle, and high schools. Classroom-level data were collected from teachers of randomly selected classes covering required health instruction and physical education. A total of 23 questionnaires were used to gather data on all of the components and respondent-types. Data were collected by computer-assisted personal interviews or self-administered mail questionnaires from designated respondents for each component at each level. All designated respondents had primary responsibility for, or were the most knowledgeable about, the policies and programs addressed in the particular questionnaire.
Response Rates and Sample Size:
In 2006, the response rate for state-level components was 100% (n = 51) for all but the faculty and staff health component (98% response rate). At the district level (n = 538), 63% to 64% of districts eligible to complete any module, completed at least 1 module for a particular component. At the school level (n=1,103), 66% to 74% of schools eligible to complete any module completed at least 1 module for a particular component. At the classroom level, 94% of the 912 health education teachers sampled completed interviews as did 95% of the 1,194 sampled physical education teachers.