Mode of Collection:
State tuberculosis (TB) programs report cases to CDC.
The initial case report includes demographic data, occupation, initial drug regimen, HIV status, substance abuse, homelessness, and residence in correctional or long term-care facilities. Follow up reports collect drug susceptibility results and reason therapy was stopped, in addition to other items.
All reporting areas (the 50 states, the District of Columbia, New York City, Puerto Rico, and other U.S. jurisdictions in the Pacific and Caribbean) report TB cases to CDC using a standard case report form. Reported cases are verified according to the TB case definition for public health surveillance. Cases may be verified using the laboratory, the clinical case definition, or a provider diagnosis. Follow up reports collect information obtained after the initial case report has been submitted. Data are transmitted to CDC electronically, using CDC-supplied software.
Response Rates and Sample Size:
In 2008, 12,904 TB cases were reported to CDC.