National Report Cards on Protecting Children in Disasters
Since 2008, Save the Children has annually commissioned research on regulations and child care licensing laws for all 50 states and the District of Columbia to determine how well-prepared child care facilities and K-12 schools are to respond to the needs of children in the event of disasters and emergencies.
In Save the Children’s annual National Report Card on Protecting Children In Disasters, a state is considered meeting a particular standard if: (1) the substance of the standard meets national guidelines; (2) the standard is mandated; and (3) all regulated child care providers are subject to the standard. A rule is considered mandated if it is: (1) in statute, (2) in regulation, or (3) provided by the relevant agency as mandatory guidance. Mandatory guidance includes forms, templates, and technical assistance that are provided to child care providers and are required to be completed or implemented. Each standard has a substantive description, for example:
• Standard 1: (A plan for evacuating children in child care): The state must require that all child care providers have a written plan for evacuating and safely moving children to an alternate site. The plan must include provisions for multiple types of hazards. Many states have different licensing requirements and regulations for different kinds of providers.
Although Save the Children started collecting data in 2008, their methodology and research partner changed in 2009. Therefore, for consistent tracking, the baseline for Healthy People 2020 is set to 2009.