Data Years Available:
1973-1981, 1985, 1989-present
Annual, except for 1982-1984 and 1986-1988
Mode of Collection:
Field personnel meet with participating physicians and instruct them in survey data collection methods. Physicians complete forms for a sample of office visits during an assigned reporting period.
Data are collected on the type of providers seen; reason for visit; diagnoses; drugs ordered, provided, or continued; and selected procedures and tests ordered or provided. Other data collected include patient demographics, method of payment, and selected characteristics of physician practices.
Patient encounters in the offices of non-federally employed, office-based, patient care physicians, including physicians in prepaid practices (e.g., Health Maintenance Organizations) are included. Excluded are telephone contacts and nonoffice visits; visits to hospital-based physicians, specialists in anesthesiology, pathology, and radiology, and physicians primarily engaged in teaching, research, or administration.
A multistage probability design is employed. The first-stage sample consists of 112 primary sampling units (PSUs) selected from the 1,900 such units into which the U.S. has been divided. In each sample PSU, a sample of practicing nonfederal office-based physicians is selected from master files maintained by the American Medical Association and the American Osteopathic Association. The final stage involves systematic random samples of office visits during randomly assigned 7-day reporting periods. Screening interviews are conducted by survey field staff to obtain information about physicians' office-based practices and ensure that the practice is within the survey scope. Field staff visit eligible physicians prior to participation to provide materials and instruction. Participants are asked to complete patient record forms for a systematic random sample of approximately 30 office visits occurring during a randomly assigned 1-week period. Sample data are weighted to produce national estimates.
Response Rates and Sample Size:
In 2007, a sample of 3,540 physicians was selected; 2,399 were in scope and 1,568 participated for a response rate of 65.4% Data were provided for 32,778 visits.
The NAMCS patient record form is modified approximately every 2-4 years to reflect changes in physician practice characteristics, patterns of care, and technological innovations. Sample sizes vary by survey year. For some years, it may be appropriate to combine two or more years of data when examining relatively rare populations or events.