Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study
The Global Burden of Disease Study is a comprehensive regional and global assessment of mortality and disability from major diseases, injuries, and risk factors. The study was initiated in 1992 as a collaborative effort of hundreds of experts worldwide, including researchers at the World Health Organization (WHO), Harvard School of Public Health, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), and the World Bank. The 2010 Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) is a complete assessment of data on diseases and injuries. The study product is a set of comprehensive and comparable estimates of the burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors for two time periods: 1990 and 2005. The 2010 GBD study objectives were to (1) revise figures for 1990 based on new data and improved techniques and to generate new estimates for 2005; and (2) to develop sets of tools to enable researchers around the world to apply GBD techniques and produce rigorous and systematic burden estimates.
A core team of senior researchers and methodologists from the consortium institutions direct the study and are coordinate the research. Expert groups in every study region conduct systematic reviews of incidence and prevalence of disease and disabling sequelae, reporting their figures at defined intervals to core team members. More than 800 experts from around the world are participating in 43 disease expert groups. Consistency checks and peer reviews throughout the study ensure that estimates of mortality, burden, and risk are systematically and cautiously generated.
Global Burden of Disease (GBD) | Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation and related web pages.