Mode of Collection:
Data are abstracted from official state records and sent to DOT.
Data collected include the time and location of the crash, numbers of people and vehicles involved, vehicle type(s), impact points, driver's license status of all drivers, demographics of all persons involved, their role in crash (driver, passenger, etc), injury severity, and seatbelt restraint use. Driver and nonoccupant blood alcohol content measures are also collected.
To be included in FARS, a crash must involve a motor vehicle travelling on a traffic way customarily open to the public, and result in the death of a person (either an occupant of a vehicle or a non-motorist) within 30 days of the crash. Data are abstracted from official state records and coded on standard FARS forms by state employees who have received FARS training. Data sources include: police accident reports, state vehicle registration files, state driver license files, state highway department data, vital statistics data, death certificates, Coroner/Medical Examiner reports, hospital medical records, and emergency medical service reports. FARS forms are transmitted to DOT for quality assurance and analysis. An online database (FARS Query System) is available for public use.
Response Rates and Sample Size: