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Mental Health and Mental Disorders

Suicide, 1999–2008

Decrease desired

MHMD-1 gender graph

Objective MHMD-1 View Leading Health Indicators

SOURCE: National Vital Statistics System—Mortality (NVSS-M), CDC/NCHS.
NOTE: Data are for ICD-10 codes *U03, X60–X84, and Y87.0 reported as underlying cause of death, and are age adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

The suicide rate increased 10.5% between 1999 and 2008, from 10.5 to 11.6 per 100,000 population (age adjusted) and varied by sex. For example, in 2008, males had 18.9 suicides per 100,000 population (age adjusted), nearly four times the suicide rate for females, 4.8 per 100,000.


Suicide, 1999–2008

Decrease desired

MHMD-1 race graph

Objective MHMD-1 View Leading Health Indicators

SOURCE: National Vital Statistics System—Mortality (NVSS-M), CDC/NCHS.
NOTES: Data are for ICD-10 codes *U03, X60–X84, and Y87.0 reported as underlying cause of death, and are age adjusted using the year 2000 standard population. Prior to 2003 only one race category could be recorded; recording more than one race was not an option. Beginning in 2003 multiple-race data were reported by some states; multiple-race data were bridged to the single-race categories for comparability. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

The suicide rate increased 10.5% between 1999 and 2008, from 10.5 to 11.6 per 100,000 population (age adjusted) and varied by race and ethnicity. For example, in 2008, the non-Hispanic black population had 5.4 suicides per 100,000 population (age adjusted), compared with 11.7 per 100,000 for the American Indian or Alaska Native, more than twice the rate for the non-Hispanic black population; and 14.1 per 100,000 for the non-Hispanic white population, more than two and a half times the rate for the non-Hispanic black population.


Major depressive episode (MDE), adolescents, 2010

Decrease desired

MHMD-4.1 graph

Objective MHMD-4.1 View Leading Health Indicators

SOURCE: National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), SAMHSA.
NOTES: Data are for the proportion of adolescents aged 12–17 years who had experienced a Major Depressive Episode in the past 12 months. Respondents were asked to select one or more races. The single-race categories include persons who reported only one racial group. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
I = 95% confidence interval.

In 2010, 8.0% of adolescents aged 12–17 years experienced a major depressive episode (MDE) in the past 12 months. This rate varied by sex, race and ethnicity, and age:

  • 11.9% of female adolescents aged 12–17 years experienced an MDE in the past 12 months, more than two and a half times the rate for male adolescents, 4.4%.
  • 8.6% of non-Hispanic white adolescents aged 12–17 years experienced an MDE in the past 12 months, more than one and a half times the rate for Asian adolescents, 5.5%.
  • 4.3% of adolescents aged 12–13 years experienced an MDE in the past 12 months compared with: 9.0% of adolescents aged 14–15, more than twice the rate for those aged 12–13; and 10.6% of adolescents aged 16–17, about two and a half times the rate for those aged 12–13.

Major depressive episode (MDE), adults, 2010

Decrease desired

MHMD-4.2 graph

Objective MHMD-4.2

SOURCE: National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), SAMHSA.
NOTES: Data are for the proportion of adults aged 18 and over who had experienced a Major Depressive Episode in the past 12 months. Respondents were asked to select one or more races. The single-race categories include persons who reported only one racial group. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data by education are for persons aged 25 and over.
I = 95% confidence interval.

In 2010, the proportion of adults aged 18 and over who experienced a major depressive episode (MDE) in the past 12 months was 6.8% and varied by sex, race and ethnicity, and education:

  • 8.5% of female adults experienced an MDE in the past 12 months, more than one and a half times the rate for male adults, 5.1%.
  • 7.4% of non-Hispanic white adults experienced an MDE in the past 12 months, almost two times the rate for Asian adults, 3.8%.
  • 7.7% of adults aged 25 and over with some college education experienced an MDE in the past 12 months, compared with 5.6% of those with less than a high school education.

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