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Vision

Preschool children ≤5 years receiving vision screening (percent)

2020 Baseline (year): 40.1 (2008)
2020 Target: 44.1
Desired Direction: Increase
Populations 2008        
Total 40.1
CI 37.8 / 42.4
SE 1.178








Sex









Female 40.3
CI 37.1 / 43.5
SE 1.644








Male 40.0
CI 37.0 / 43.0
SE 1.533








Race/Ethnicity









American Indian or Alaska Native only DSU









Asian only 32.0
CI 24.0 / 40.0
SE 4.066








Black or African American only 40.6
CI 35.1 / 46.2
SE 2.848








Hispanic or Latino 37.7
CI 33.8 / 41.5
SE 1.983








White only 40.1
CI 37.3 / 42.8
SE 1.404








Not Hispanic or Latino 40.9
CI 38.1 / 43.7
SE 1.444








   White only, not Hispanic or Latino 41.3
CI 37.8 / 44.9
SE 1.806








   Black or African American only, not Hispanic or Latino 40.6
CI 34.7 / 46.4
SE 2.968








Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only DSU









2 or more races 45.5
CI 35.6 / 55.3
SE 5.012








Family income (percent Poverty Threshold)









<100 38.0
CI 32.9 / 43.2
SE 2.624








100-199 37.4
CI 32.5 / 42.3
SE 2.500








200-399 39.6
CI 35.1 / 44.1
SE 2.297








400-599 44.0
CI 38.0 / 49.9
SE 3.042








600+ 46.5
CI 39.3 / 53.8
SE 3.703








Family type









Single parent with children 42.4
CI 36.6 / 48.2
SE 2.962








Two parent family with children 41.1
CI 38.1 / 44.1
SE 1.523








Other 36.0
CI 31.3 / 40.7
SE 2.383








Country of birth









US 40.1
CI 37.8 / 42.4
SE 1.185








Outside US 43.5
CI 27.8 / 59.1
SE 7.987








Disability status









People without activity limitations 39.5
CI 37.1 / 41.8
SE 1.209








People with activity limitations 53.0
CI 42.7 / 63.4
SE 5.283








Geographic location









Metropolitan 40.0
CI 37.5 / 42.5
SE 1.267








Non-metropolitan 40.8
CI 34.9 / 46.7
SE 3.022








Health insurance status









Insured 41.2
CI 38.8 / 43.5
SE 1.204








   Private 42.6
CI 39.5 / 45.6
SE 1.539








   Public 39.2
CI 35.7 / 42.8
SE 1.814








Uninsured 27.5
CI 20.1 / 34.9
SE 3.784








Footnotes View Footnotes

DSU: Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Blindness and visual impairment in children and adolescents ≤17 years (per 1,000 population)

2020 Baseline (year): 28.2 (2008)
2020 Target: 25.4
Desired Direction: Decrease
Populations 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Total 28.2
CI 24.1 / 32.2
SE 2.086
18.8
CI 15.5 / 22.2
SE 1.712
23.7
CI 20.5 / 26.9
SE 1.625
28.0
CI 24.4 / 31.7
SE 1.873
28.2
CI 24.7 / 31.6
SE 1.771
Sex









Female 31.7
CI 25.7 / 37.7
SE 3.083
21.7
CI 16.6 / 26.7
SE 2.585
26.2
CI 21.3 / 31.1
SE 2.493
32.2
CI 26.4 / 37.9
SE 2.931
27.0
CI 22.3 / 31.8
SE 2.427
Male 24.8
CI 19.3 / 30.3
SE 2.820
16.1
CI 11.5 / 20.6
SE 2.314
21.3
CI 16.9 / 25.7
SE 2.239
24.1
CI 19.5 / 28.6
SE 2.333
29.3
CI 24.0 / 34.5
SE 2.673
Race/Ethnicity









Hispanic or Latino 35.5
CI 25.1 / 45.9
SE 5.292
17.5
CI 12.8 / 22.2
SE 2.406
27.2
CI 20.5 / 33.9
SE 3.420
30.1
CI 22.8 / 37.3
SE 3.692
34.6
CI 27.1 / 42.1
SE 3.835
Not Hispanic or Latino 26.2
CI 21.9 / 30.4
SE 2.185
19.2
CI 15.1 / 23.3
SE 2.096
22.7
CI 19.1 / 26.3
SE 1.834
27.4
CI 23.1 / 31.7
SE 2.178
26.1
CI 22.2 / 30.0
SE 1.989
   White only, not Hispanic or Latino 24.5
CI 19.7 / 29.2
SE 2.430
15.3
CI 10.5 / 20.0
SE 2.426
22.7
CI 18.1 / 27.2
SE 2.317
26.2
CI 21.1 / 31.4
SE 2.641
24.4
CI 19.8 / 28.9
SE 2.319
   Black or African American only, not Hispanic or Latino 33.0
CI 19.8 / 46.2
SE 6.716
35.7
CI 24.2 / 47.2
SE 5.861
27.9
CI 18.4 / 37.4
SE 4.850
35.1
CI 25.0 / 45.2
SE 5.175
38.1
CI 26.5 / 49.7
SE 5.915
Asian only DSU

DSU

DSU

25.4
CI 10.7 / 40.0
SE 7.491
19.4
CI 8.8 / 30.0
SE 5.417
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU

Black or African American only 31.8
CI 19.2 / 44.4
SE 6.434
35.5
CI 24.6 / 46.4
SE 5.580
27.5
CI 18.4 / 36.7
SE 4.678
33.5
CI 24.0 / 43.0
SE 4.852
37.0
CI 25.9 / 48.0
SE 5.642
2 or more races 32.8
CI 13.5 / 52.0
SE 9.824
DSU

DSU

DSU

26.2
CI 11.3 / 41.2
SE 7.625
American Indian or Alaska Native only DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU

White only 27.9
CI 23.2 / 32.6
SE 2.388
15.8
CI 12.1 / 19.6
SE 1.904
24.1
CI 20.3 / 27.9
SE 1.946
27.2
CI 22.9 / 31.5
SE 2.199
27.4
CI 23.5 / 31.4
SE 2.015
Age group









5-11 years 32.0
CI 24.3 / 39.6
SE 3.910
21.2
CI 15.8 / 26.6
SE 2.744
27.5
CI 21.7 / 33.2
SE 2.940
30.7
CI 24.3 / 37.2
SE 3.286
30.6
CI 24.3 / 36.9
SE 3.225
12-17 years 34.2
CI 27.3 / 41.1
SE 3.530
23.6
CI 17.3 / 29.9
SE 3.209
29.4
CI 23.1 / 35.8
SE 3.262
31.4
CI 25.3 / 37.6
SE 3.144
36.4
CI 29.9 / 42.9
SE 3.329
0-4 years 15.8
CI 9.8 / 21.7
SE 3.034
10.0
CI 4.3 / 15.7
SE 2.897
12.1
CI 7.5 / 16.6
SE 2.327
20.4
CI 14.5 / 26.4
SE 3.053
14.4
CI 10.1 / 18.6
SE 2.165
Family income (percent Poverty Threshold)









600+ 15.1
CI 7.8 / 22.3
SE 3.717
DSU

13.0
CI 6.6 / 19.4
SE 3.275
15.8
CI 8.7 / 23.0
SE 3.647
23.4
CI 14.3 / 32.5
SE 4.631
200-399 25.9
CI 18.3 / 33.5
SE 3.879
18.0
CI 11.4 / 24.7
SE 3.406
20.7
CI 14.9 / 26.5
SE 2.967
20.7
CI 14.8 / 26.6
SE 2.995
26.3
CI 20.4 / 32.3
SE 3.053
400-599 23.1
CI 13.5 / 32.7
SE 4.896
12.6
CI 6.3 / 19.0
SE 3.227
17.7
CI 10.2 / 25.2
SE 3.836
15.8
CI 9.1 / 22.5
SE 3.419
15.5
CI 8.9 / 22.0
SE 3.340
<100 44.3
CI 31.0 / 57.6
SE 6.789
27.2
CI 19.0 / 35.5
SE 4.210
33.6
CI 25.5 / 41.7
SE 4.119
47.1
CI 36.2 / 58.0
SE 5.580
37.7
CI 28.8 / 46.7
SE 4.557
100-199 28.8
CI 19.7 / 37.9
SE 4.636
22.9
CI 15.0 / 30.8
SE 4.032
27.3
CI 19.7 / 34.8
SE 3.866
31.9
CI 23.5 / 40.2
SE 4.277
31.0
CI 23.2 / 38.8
SE 3.983
Family type









Other 31.9
CI 24.1 / 39.7
SE 3.980
22.3
CI 15.2 / 29.5
SE 3.630
25.8
CI 19.7 / 31.9
SE 3.111
34.1
CI 27.3 / 41.0
SE 3.506
36.6
CI 29.3 / 43.9
SE 3.748
Single parent with children 41.5
CI 29.3 / 53.7
SE 6.238
33.4
CI 20.7 / 46.0
SE 6.457
31.5
CI 23.4 / 39.6
SE 4.134
36.5
CI 25.5 / 47.5
SE 5.626
30.5
CI 21.8 / 39.3
SE 4.478
Two parent family with children 22.7
CI 17.6 / 27.8
SE 2.616
12.7
CI 9.5 / 15.8
SE 1.605
20.2
CI 15.9 / 24.5
SE 2.185
22.1
CI 17.7 / 26.5
SE 2.234
22.7
CI 18.4 / 27.0
SE 2.183
Country of birth









Outside US 27.0
CI 11.9 / 42.1
SE 7.697
DSU

33.3
CI 17.1 / 49.5
SE 8.280
25.6
CI 12.0 / 39.3
SE 6.956
39.3
CI 21.5 / 57.0
SE 9.062
US 28.2
CI 24.0 / 32.4
SE 2.148
19.1
CI 15.6 / 22.6
SE 1.781
23.3
CI 20.1 / 26.5
SE 1.632
28.1
CI 24.4 / 31.9
SE 1.926
27.7
CI 24.2 / 31.2
SE 1.796
Disability status









People without activity limitations 24.5
CI 20.5 / 28.4
SE 2.020
15.2
CI 11.9 / 18.5
SE 1.679
18.3
CI 15.2 / 21.4
SE 1.579
23.0
CI 19.8 / 26.3
SE 1.676
23.4
CI 20.1 / 26.7
SE 1.701
People with activity limitations 68.0
CI 47.4 / 88.5
SE 10.481
55.7
CI 40.4 / 71.1
SE 7.839
78.0
CI 57.8 / 98.3
SE 10.329
78.7
CI 57.1 / 100.4
SE 11.047
73.8
CI 56.8 / 90.8
SE 8.674
Geographic location









Metropolitan 27.8
CI 23.3 / 32.3
SE 2.293
19.0
CI 15.3 / 22.6
SE 1.871
22.4
CI 19.0 / 25.9
SE 1.753
26.9
CI 23.2 / 30.7
SE 1.914
27.7
CI 23.9 / 31.6
SE 1.960
Non-metropolitan 29.9
CI 19.8 / 40.1
SE 5.175
17.9
CI 9.7 / 26.1
SE 4.190
30.8
CI 21.4 / 40.2
SE 4.807
34.1
CI 21.7 / 46.4
SE 6.323
30.5
CI 22.0 / 39.0
SE 4.344
Health insurance status









Insured 27.2
CI 23.0 / 31.5
SE 2.165
18.9
CI 15.3 / 22.5
SE 1.845
22.3
CI 19.0 / 25.6
SE 1.673
26.9
CI 23.1 / 30.6
SE 1.913
27.3
CI 23.8 / 30.8
SE 1.790
   Private 20.0
CI 15.4 / 24.5
SE 2.316
12.0
CI 8.5 / 15.5
SE 1.785
16.6
CI 12.8 / 20.4
SE 1.918
18.8
CI 14.8 / 22.8
SE 2.032
21.2
CI 17.2 / 25.2
SE 2.026
   Public 40.0
CI 31.2 / 48.9
SE 4.512
29.5
CI 22.2 / 36.8
SE 3.738
30.4
CI 24.3 / 36.4
SE 3.106
38.0
CI 31.1 / 44.8
SE 3.507
35.5
CI 29.3 / 41.7
SE 3.163
Uninsured 37.8
CI 24.4 / 51.2
SE 6.836
16.5
CI 7.8 / 25.3
SE 4.464
39.8
CI 23.6 / 55.9
SE 8.252
39.1
CI 24.1 / 54.1
SE 7.655
42.0
CI 25.7 / 58.4
SE 8.357

Footnotes View Footnotes

DSU: Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Occupational eye injuries resulting in lost work days (per 10,000 full-time workers in private industry)

2020 Baseline (year): 2.9 (2008)
2020 Target: 2.6
Desired Direction: Decrease
Populations 2008        
Total 2.9









Sex









Male 4.0









Female 1.3









Footnotes View Footnotes

---: Data are not available.

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Occupational eye injuries treated in emergency departments (per 10,000 full-time workers)

2020 Baseline (year): 12.9 (2008)
2020 Target: 11.6
Desired Direction: Decrease
Populations 2008        
Total 12.9
CI 9.0 / 16.8
SE 2.0








Sex









Male 18.7
CI 12.7 / 24.7
SE 3.05








Female 5.1
CI 3.6 / 6.6
SE 0.74








Footnotes View Footnotes

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Adults receiving a dilated eye examination within the past 2 years (age adjusted, percent, 18+ years)

2020 Baseline (year): 55.0 (2008)
2020 Target: 60.5
Desired Direction: Increase
Populations 2008        
Total 55.0
CI 54.2 / 55.9
SE 0.434








Sex









Female 58.9
CI 57.8 / 60.0
SE 0.573








Male 51.0
CI 49.8 / 52.2
SE 0.620








Race/Ethnicity









Asian only 55.6
CI 52.2 / 58.9
SE 1.713








Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only DSU









Not Hispanic or Latino 56.3
CI 55.4 / 57.2
SE 0.467








   Black or African American only, not Hispanic or Latino 55.0
CI 52.9 / 57.0
SE 1.043








   White only, not Hispanic or Latino 56.5
CI 55.5 / 57.6
SE 0.531








American Indian or Alaska Native only 47.6
CI 38.0 / 57.3
SE 4.924








Black or African American only 55.0
CI 53.0 / 57.0
SE 1.023








White only 55.0
CI 54.1 / 56.0
SE 0.484








2 or more races 57.6
CI 49.9 / 65.3
SE 3.918








Hispanic or Latino 48.1
CI 45.9 / 50.4
SE 1.135








Age group† §









18-44 years 43.2
CI 42.0 / 44.5
SE 0.638








   18-24 years 42.5
CI 39.8 / 45.2
SE 1.389








   25-44 years 43.5
CI 42.1 / 44.8
SE 0.698








65 years and over 76.9
CI 75.4 / 78.4
SE 0.781








   65-74 years 74.8
CI 72.7 / 77.0
SE 1.081








   75-84 years 80.7
CI 78.4 / 83.1
SE 1.200








   85 years and over 74.8
CI 70.4 / 79.3
SE 2.283








45-64 years 63.6
CI 62.3 / 64.9
SE 0.669








   45-54 years 60.2
CI 58.3 / 62.0
SE 0.931








   55-64 years 68.0
CI 66.2 / 69.9
SE 0.939








Educational attainment (25 years and over)









Some college 58.8
CI 56.9 / 60.7
SE 0.959








Associates degree 61.4
CI 58.7 / 64.0
SE 1.347








Advanced degree 66.5
CI 64.0 / 69.0
SE 1.291








4-year college degree 63.4
CI 61.6 / 65.2
SE 0.927








< High school 43.3
CI 41.1 / 45.6
SE 1.141








High school 52.7
CI 51.0 / 54.3
SE 0.842








Family income (percent Poverty Threshold)









<100 46.1
CI 43.7 / 48.5
SE 1.211








600+ 63.5
CI 61.4 / 65.7
SE 1.094








100-199 45.7
CI 43.7 / 47.6
SE 0.981








200-399 54.5
CI 53.0 / 56.1
SE 0.792








400-599 59.5
CI 57.5 / 61.5
SE 1.020








Family type









Two parent family with children 51.5
CI 45.8 / 57.1
SE 2.887








Other 52.3
CI 50.6 / 54.0
SE 0.854








Single parent with children 46.0
CI 39.4 / 52.6
SE 3.384








Married couple or partners 56.0
CI 54.1 / 57.9
SE 0.975








Single 54.5
CI 52.9 / 56.0
SE 0.791








Country of birth









US 56.6
CI 55.7 / 57.5
SE 0.463








Outside US 48.0
CI 45.9 / 50.1
SE 1.082








Disability status









People with activity limitations 54.4
CI 51.7 / 57.0
SE 1.334








People without activity limitations 55.2
CI 54.3 / 56.1
SE 0.466








Geographic location









Non-metropolitan 51.8
CI 49.8 / 53.8
SE 1.037








Metropolitan 55.7
CI 54.8 / 56.6
SE 0.475








Health insurance status (<65 years)









Insured 55.0
CI 53.9 / 56.0
SE 0.546








   Private 55.7
CI 54.6 / 56.9
SE 0.594








   Public 50.3
CI 47.8 / 52.8
SE 1.280








Uninsured 32.5
CI 30.4 / 34.6
SE 1.062








Marital status









Married 55.7
CI 54.3 / 57.1
SE 0.694








Cohabiting partner 47.7
CI 43.9 / 51.4
SE 1.909








Divorced or separated 49.9
CI 46.9 / 52.9
SE 1.523








Never married 51.8
CI 49.7 / 53.9
SE 1.070








Widowed 56.9
CI 47.5 / 66.3
SE 4.814








Footnotes View Footnotes

† Target is not applicable for this population group.

§ This population group is not age adjusted.

DSU: Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

---: Data are not available.

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Visual impairment due to uncorrected refractive errors (age adjusted, per 1,000 population, 12+ years)

2020 Baseline (year): 136.1 (2005-2008)
2020 Target: 122.5
Desired Direction: Decrease
Populations 2005-2008        
Total 136.1
CI 125.7 / 146.4
SE 5.061








Sex









Male 133.1
CI 120.0 / 146.1
SE 6.403








Female 138.8
CI 126.3 / 151.3
SE 6.15








Race/Ethnicity









Not Hispanic or Latino ---









   White only, not Hispanic or Latino 119.4
CI 109.0 / 129.8
SE 5.107








   Black or African American only, not Hispanic or Latino 164.8
CI 145.8 / 183.8
SE 9.305








Hispanic or Latino DSU









   Mexican American 179.7
CI 165.7 / 193.6
SE 6.818








Age group† §









12-17 years 176.8
CI 158.2 / 195.5
SE 9.162








45-64 years 113.1
CI 97.9 / 128.3
SE 7.463








   55-64 years 112.0
CI 84.8 / 139.1
SE 13.323








   45-54 years 113.8
CI 95.1 / 132.5
SE 9.166








18-44 years 119.4
CI 107.0 / 131.7
SE 6.046








   18-24 years 127.3
CI 103.4 / 151.1
SE 11.692








   25-44 years 116.6
CI 102.0 / 131.2
SE 7.153








65 years and over 196.2
CI 168.8 / 223.6
SE 13.414








   65-74 years 164.0
CI 131.2 / 196.7
SE 16.071








   80 years and over 272.9
CI 234.2 / 311.6
SE 18.976








   75-79 years 203.3
CI 152.8 / 253.7
SE 24.667








Educational attainment (25 years and over)









High school (including GED or equivalent) 128.5
CI 110.5 / 146.4
SE 8.816








College graduate or above 108.0
CI 91.4 / 124.6
SE 8.155








< High school 181.0
CI 158.8 / 203.3
SE 10.914








Some College or AA degree 126.5
CI 106.6 / 146.4
SE 9.741








Family income (percent Poverty Threshold)









<100 170.8
CI 150.9 / 190.7
SE 9.753








100-199 169.0
CI 152.1 / 186.0
SE 8.304








200-399 133.6
CI 118.8 / 148.5
SE 7.298








400-499 111.8
CI 88.1 / 135.5
SE 11.598








500+ 105.9
CI 89.9 / 121.9
SE 7.839








Country of birth









US 127.3
CI 118.0 / 136.6
SE 4.557








Outside US 191.1
CI 164.9 / 217.2
SE 12.812








Disability status (20 years and over)









People with activity limitations 139.7
CI 117.4 / 162.0
SE 10.926








People without activity limitations 129.4
CI 117.9 / 141.0
SE 5.672








Health insurance status (<65 years)









Insured 115.0
CI 104.0 / 125.9
SE 5.377








   Private 108.4
CI 97.2 / 119.7
SE 5.522








   Public 150.0
CI 124.2 / 175.8
SE 12.669








Uninsured 162.0
CI 143.2 / 180.8
SE 9.234








Diabetes status









Without - Diabetes 134.4
CI 123.6 / 145.2
SE 5.301








With - Diabetes 184.6
CI 138.4 / 230.7
SE 22.646








Marital status (20 years and over)









Married 124.1
CI 109.2 / 138.9
SE 7.265








Cohabiting partner 116.4
CI 77.4 / 155.4
SE 19.115








Never married 155.5
CI 128.4 / 182.6
SE 13.281








Widowed 90.3
CI 67.1 / 113.5
SE 11.36








Divorced or separated 134.8
CI 101.2 / 168.3
SE 16.458








Veteran status (17 years and over)









Non-veteran 135.3
CI 123.9 / 146.8
SE 5.621








Veteran 77.9
CI 58.2 / 97.6
SE 9.64








Obesity status - Children (19 years and under) §









Obese 182.1
CI 140.3 / 223.9
SE 20.499








Not obese 163.0
CI 143.9 / 182.2
SE 9.379








Obesity status - Adults (20 years and over)









Not obese 126.5
CI 114.2 / 138.8
SE 6.047








Obese 142.1
CI 124.3 / 159.9
SE 8.74








Footnotes View Footnotes

† Target is not applicable for this population group.

§ This population group is not age adjusted.

DSU: Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

---: Data are not available.

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

V-5.2 Reduce visual impairment due to diabetic retinopathy Revised

This objective was revised.
See Revision History for Details.

Additional Data Options

Visual impairment due to diabetic retinopathy (age adjusted, per 1,000 population, 18+ years with diabetes)

2020 Baseline (year): 34.2 (2008)
2020 Target: 30.8
Desired Direction: Decrease
Populations 20081        
Total 34.2
CI 21.2 / 47.1
SE 6.611








Sex









Female 40.2
CI 19.4 / 61.0
SE 10.606








Male 27.8
CI 12.2 / 43.3
SE 7.951








Race/Ethnicity









Asian only DSU









White only 39.1
CI 22.2 / 55.9
SE 8.577








2 or more races DSU









Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only DSU









Not Hispanic or Latino 33.2
CI 18.5 / 47.9
SE 7.505








   White only, not Hispanic or Latino 39.0
CI 18.8 / 59.3
SE 10.333








   Black or African American only, not Hispanic or Latino DSU









American Indian or Alaska Native only DSU









Black or African American only DSU









Hispanic or Latino DSU









Age group† §









18-44 years DSU









   25-44 years DSU









   18-24 years DSU









45-64 years 37.1
CI 23.6 / 50.6
SE 6.902








   55-64 years 30.6
CI 15.9 / 45.3
SE 7.519








   45-54 years 45.3
CI 20.7 / 70.0
SE 12.567








65 years and over 43.8
CI 26.5 / 61.1
SE 8.827








   75-84 years DSU









   65-74 years 46.2
CI 21.7 / 70.6
SE 12.467








   85 years and over DSU









Educational attainment (25 years and over)









< High school DSU









High school DSU









Some college DSU









Associates degree DSU









4-year college degree DSU









Advanced degree DSU









Family income (percent Poverty Threshold)









100-199 DSU









<100 72.3
CI 30.2 / 114.3
SE 21.469








200-399 11.4
CI 5.5 / 17.3
SE 3.021








400-599 DSU









600+ DSU









Family type









Two parent family with children DSU









Other DSU









Married couple or partners 19.2
CI 10.2 / 28.2
SE 4.607








Single DSU









Single parent with children DSU









Country of birth









US 34.5
CI 20.0 / 48.9
SE 7.372








Outside US DSU









Disability status









People with activity limitations 88.0
CI 39.8 / 136.2
SE 24.589








People without activity limitations DSU









Geographic location









Metropolitan 39.3
CI 23.5 / 55.0
SE 8.024








Non-metropolitan DSU









Health insurance status (<65 years)









Insured 37.3
CI 18.0 / 56.6
SE 9.844








   Private DSU









   Public DSU









Uninsured DSU









Marital status









Divorced or separated 20.4
CI 10.9 / 30.0
SE 4.866








Married DSU









Cohabiting partner DSU









Widowed 18.8
CI 8.4 / 29.2
SE 5.320








Never married 69.5
CI 29.7 / 109.2
SE 20.292








Footnotes View Footnotes

† Target is not applicable for this population group.

§ This population group is not age adjusted.

1Baseline has been revised. See Tech Specs for details.

DSU: Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

V-5.3 Reduce visual impairment due to glaucoma Revised

This objective was revised.
See Revision History for Details.

Additional Data Options

Visual impairment due to glaucoma (age adjusted, per 1,000 population, 45+ years)

2020 Baseline (year): 13.9 (2008)
2020 Target: 12.51
Desired Direction: Decrease
Populations 20082        
Total 13.9
CI 11.5 / 16.4
SE 1.245








Sex









Male 15.2
CI 11.4 / 18.9
SE 1.906








Female 13.0
CI 9.9 / 16.1
SE 1.580








Race/Ethnicity









Asian only DSU









White only 11.8
CI 9.3 / 14.2
SE 1.236








2 or more races DSU









Not Hispanic or Latino 13.6
CI 11.0 / 16.1
SE 1.303








   White only, not Hispanic or Latino 11.2
CI 8.7 / 13.8
SE 1.292








   Black or African American only, not Hispanic or Latino 30.4
CI 19.4 / 41.5
SE 5.626








Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only DSU









Black or African American only 30.2
CI 19.3 / 41.0
SE 5.539








American Indian or Alaska Native only DSU









Hispanic or Latino 17.6
CI 10.1 / 25.1
SE 3.840








Age group† §









45-64 years 6.4
CI 4.5 / 8.4
SE 0.998








   45-54 years 4.5
CI 2.0 / 7.0
SE 1.268








   55-64 years 9.0
CI 5.4 / 12.6
SE 1.833








65 years and over 27.1
CI 21.7 / 32.5
SE 2.766








   65-74 years 19.1
CI 12.8 / 25.5
SE 3.239








   75-84 years 31.4
CI 21.3 / 41.5
SE 5.152








   85 years and over 50.6
CI 30.6 / 70.6
SE 10.204








Educational attainment









High school 12.5
CI 8.3 / 16.7
SE 2.135








Some college 12.1
CI 6.7 / 17.4
SE 2.737








Advanced degree DSU









< High school 16.7
CI 11.1 / 22.3
SE 2.867








Associates degree DSU









4-year college degree 16.6
CI 9.6 / 23.7
SE 3.616








Family income (percent Poverty Threshold)









100-199 16.4
CI 10.2 / 22.6
SE 3.157








400-599 DSU









600+ 16.7
CI 10.1 / 23.4
SE 3.371








200-399 12.9
CI 8.6 / 17.3
SE 2.233








<100 25.9
CI 15.3 / 36.4
SE 5.368








Family type









Other 18.3
CI 12.1 / 24.4
SE 3.156








Single 15.9
CI 12.3 / 19.6
SE 1.875








Married couple or partners 11.0
CI 7.5 / 14.5
SE 1.765








Two parent family with children DSU









Single parent with children DSU









Country of birth









Outside US 14.5
CI 8.0 / 21.0
SE 3.324








US 13.8
CI 11.2 / 16.4
SE 1.336








Disability status









People with activity limitations 23.6
CI 17.3 / 29.8
SE 3.168








People without activity limitations 10.8
CI 8.2 / 13.5
SE 1.355








Geographic location









Non-metropolitan 13.7
CI 9.0 / 18.4
SE 2.413








Metropolitan 13.9
CI 11.1 / 16.6
SE 1.403








Health insurance status (<65 years)









Insured 6.1
CI 4.0 / 8.2
SE 1.067








   Private 4.9
CI 2.6 / 7.2
SE 1.163








   Public 13.5
CI 6.7 / 20.4
SE 3.479








Uninsured DSU









Marital status









Married 11.6
CI 8.3 / 14.9
SE 1.671








Cohabiting partner DSU









Widowed 19.0
CI 12.4 / 25.6
SE 3.380








Divorced or separated 16.8
CI 10.4 / 23.2
SE 3.265








Never married DSU









Footnotes View Footnotes

† Target is not applicable for this population group.

§ This population group is not age adjusted.

1Target has been revised. See Tech Specs for details.

2Baseline has been revised. See Tech Specs for details.

DSU: Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

V-5.4 Reduce visual impairment due to cataract Revised

This objective was revised.
See Revision History for Details.

Additional Data Options

Visual impairment due to cataract (age adjusted, per 1,000 population, 65+ years)

2020 Baseline (year): 110.0 (2008)
2020 Target: 99.01
Desired Direction: Decrease
Populations 20082        
Total 110.0
CI 99.1 / 120.8
SE 5.534








Sex









Female 114.7
CI 100.0 / 129.3
SE 7.486








Male 103.0
CI 85.7 / 120.3
SE 8.814








Race/Ethnicity









Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only DSU









Not Hispanic or Latino 110.7
CI 99.3 / 122.2
SE 5.850








   White only, not Hispanic or Latino 112.9
CI 100.3 / 125.5
SE 6.440








   Black or African American only, not Hispanic or Latino 86.5
CI 60.7 / 112.2
SE 13.158








American Indian or Alaska Native only DSU









Asian only 106.1
CI 60.9 / 151.3
SE 23.066








White only 111.8
CI 100.0 / 123.7
SE 6.059








2 or more races DSU









Black or African American only 88.3
CI 62.7 / 114.0
SE 13.081








Hispanic or Latino 98.8
CI 68.4 / 129.1
SE 15.474








Age group† §









75-84 years 128.3
CI 110.2 / 146.4
SE 9.254








65-74 years 91.2
CI 76.0 / 106.5
SE 7.777








85 years and over 136.7
CI 101.6 / 171.7
SE 17.904








Educational attainment









Some college 95.5
CI 69.8 / 121.1
SE 13.086








4-year college degree 70.4
CI 43.1 / 97.6
SE 13.908








Advanced degree 117.7
CI 79.4 / 156.0
SE 19.521








High school 107.6
CI 88.1 / 127.1
SE 9.950








< High school 120.9
CI 97.8 / 144.0
SE 11.793








Associates degree 154.0
CI 104.6 / 203.5
SE 25.225








Family income (percent Poverty Threshold)









200-399 121.4
CI 101.3 / 141.5
SE 10.262








400-599 81.0
CI 56.3 / 105.7
SE 12.586








<100 131.9
CI 88.3 / 175.5
SE 22.258








100-199 126.6
CI 99.8 / 153.4
SE 13.656








600+ 74.5
CI 49.6 / 99.4
SE 12.719








Family type









Single 105.5
CI 91.0 / 119.9
SE 7.364








Married couple or partners 103.3
CI 87.2 / 119.4
SE 8.230








Other 124.1
CI 91.5 / 156.7
SE 16.632








Two parent family with children DSU









Country of birth









US 112.9
CI 100.9 / 124.9
SE 6.098








Outside US 87.8
CI 60.5 / 115.1
SE 13.940








Disability status









People with activity limitations 157.5
CI 136.4 / 178.7
SE 10.804








People without activity limitations 80.9
CI 68.4 / 93.4
SE 6.366








Geographic location









Metropolitan 107.6
CI 95.6 / 119.6
SE 6.108








Non-metropolitan 118.0
CI 93.0 / 143.1
SE 12.763








Marital status









Married 101.2
CI 86.3 / 116.1
SE 7.591








Divorced or separated 98.1
CI 69.1 / 127.0
SE 14.774








Cohabiting partner DSU









Never married 124.7
CI 72.7 / 176.8
SE 26.555








Widowed 118.9
CI 96.3 / 141.5
SE 11.529








Footnotes View Footnotes

† Target is not applicable for this population group.

§ This population group is not age adjusted.

1Target has been revised. See Tech Specs for details.

2Baseline has been revised. See Tech Specs for details.

DSU: Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Visual impairment due to age-related macular degeneration (age adjusted, per 1,000 population, 45+ years)

2020 Baseline (year): 15.5 (2008)
2020 Target: 14.01
Desired Direction: Decrease
Populations 20082        
Total 15.5
CI 13.1 / 18.0
SE 1.260








Sex









Male 11.0
CI 7.8 / 14.2
SE 1.649








Female 19.2
CI 15.6 / 22.8
SE 1.857








Race/Ethnicity









Asian only DSU









Black or African American only DSU









White only 17.0
CI 14.2 / 19.7
SE 1.400








2 or more races DSU









Hispanic or Latino DSU









American Indian or Alaska Native only DSU









Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only DSU









Not Hispanic or Latino 16.0
CI 13.4 / 18.7
SE 1.369








   White only, not Hispanic or Latino 17.6
CI 14.7 / 20.6
SE 1.523








   Black or African American only, not Hispanic or Latino DSU









Age group† §









65 years and over 34.0
CI 28.1 / 40.0
SE 3.029








   65-74 years 13.6
CI 7.9 / 19.3
SE 2.890








   75-84 years 36.3
CI 26.5 / 46.1
SE 4.995








   85 years and over 119.7
CI 88.5 / 150.8
SE 15.872








45-64 years 5.0
CI 2.9 / 7.0
SE 1.044








   45-54 years 4.0
CI 1.7 / 6.3
SE 1.169








   55-64 years 5.8
CI 2.9 / 8.8
SE 1.491








Educational attainment









4-year college degree 9.0
CI 4.2 / 13.9
SE 2.472








< High school 21.9
CI 14.9 / 28.8
SE 3.547








Some college 12.2
CI 7.1 / 17.4
SE 2.624








High school 15.0
CI 11.0 / 19.0
SE 2.040








Associates degree DSU









Advanced degree DSU









Family income (percent Poverty Threshold)









200-399 17.7
CI 13.1 / 22.3
SE 2.365








400-599 11.3
CI 6.1 / 16.5
SE 2.658








600+ DSU









<100 15.6
CI 8.3 / 23.0
SE 3.746








100-199 21.9
CI 13.9 / 29.9
SE 4.071








Family type









Single 20.2
CI 16.3 / 24.1
SE 1.983








Other 17.2
CI 10.4 / 24.0
SE 3.453








Single parent with children DSU









Married couple or partners 10.9
CI 7.8 / 13.9
SE 1.561








Two parent family with children DSU









Country of birth









US 16.6
CI 13.9 / 19.4
SE 1.413








Outside US DSU









Disability status









People with activity limitations 32.1
CI 25.5 / 38.8
SE 3.388








People without activity limitations 7.0
CI 4.8 / 9.1
SE 1.098








Geographic location









Non-metropolitan 13.8
CI 7.6 / 20.1
SE 3.167








Metropolitan 16.0
CI 13.2 / 18.8
SE 1.417








Health insurance status (<65 years)









Insured 5.2
CI 2.9 / 7.6
SE 1.194








   Private 3.8
CI 1.6 / 6.0
SE 1.131








   Public DSU









Uninsured DSU









Marital status









Married 11.6
CI 8.5 / 14.7
SE 1.593








Cohabiting partner DSU









Divorced or separated 11.9
CI 5.9 / 17.9
SE 3.057








Widowed 26.3
CI 20.2 / 32.4
SE 3.128








Never married 18.7
CI 8.2 / 29.2
SE 5.353








Footnotes View Footnotes

† Target is not applicable for this population group.

§ This population group is not age adjusted.

1Target has been revised. See Tech Specs for details.

2Baseline has been revised. See Tech Specs for details.

DSU: Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Use of protective eyewear at home by children and adolescents (percent, 6–17 years)

2020 Baseline (year): 16.5 (2008)
2020 Target: 18.2
Desired Direction: Increase
Populations 2008        
Total 16.5
CI 14.6 / 18.4
SE 0.965








Sex









Female 12.2
CI 9.5 / 14.9
SE 1.366








Male 19.2
CI 16.7 / 21.7
SE 1.273








Race/Ethnicity









American Indian or Alaska Native only DSU









Not Hispanic or Latino 16.8
CI 14.7 / 18.9
SE 1.060








   Black or African American only, not Hispanic or Latino 19.4
CI 13.9 / 24.9
SE 2.814








   White only, not Hispanic or Latino 16.3
CI 14.0 / 18.7
SE 1.191








Asian only 14.1
CI 6.8 / 21.4
SE 3.706








Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only DSU









Black or African American only 19.3
CI 13.9 / 24.7
SE 2.737








2 or more races 17.1
CI 7.3 / 26.9
SE 4.982








Hispanic or Latino 15.0
CI 11.0 / 19.0
SE 2.045








White only 16.0
CI 13.9 / 18.1
SE 1.072








Age group









6-11 years 12.8
CI 10.4 / 15.2
SE 1.211








12-17 years 19.9
CI 17.1 / 22.8
SE 1.462








Family income (percent Poverty Threshold)









100-199 19.2
CI 13.8 / 24.6
SE 2.775








400-599 16.4
CI 12.3 / 20.4
SE 2.045








600+ 17.9
CI 12.7 / 23.1
SE 2.645








<100 10.4
CI 5.7 / 15.0
SE 2.386








200-399 16.6
CI 13.2 / 19.9
SE 1.715








Family type









Single parent with children 16.8
CI 12.2 / 21.3
SE 2.336








Other 16.8
CI 13.3 / 20.2
SE 1.743








Two parent family with children 16.4
CI 13.9 / 18.8
SE 1.236








Country of birth









Outside US 12.4
CI 4.2 / 20.5
SE 4.177








US 16.7
CI 14.8 / 18.6
SE 0.985








Disability status









People with activity limitations 16.8
CI 11.0 / 22.6
SE 2.942








People without activity limitations 16.5
CI 14.4 / 18.5
SE 1.040








Geographic location









Metropolitan 16.5
CI 14.3 / 18.6
SE 1.078








Non-metropolitan 16.8
CI 12.8 / 20.9
SE 2.050








Health insurance status









Insured 17.0
CI 15.0 / 19.0
SE 1.017








   Private 16.6
CI 14.4 / 18.9
SE 1.142








   Public 18.3
CI 14.2 / 22.4
SE 2.097








Uninsured 11.2
CI 5.6 / 16.7
SE 2.830








Footnotes View Footnotes

DSU: Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Use of protective eyewear at home by adults (age adjusted, percent, 18+ years)

2020 Baseline (year): 39.7 (2008)
2020 Target: 43.7
Desired Direction: Increase
Populations 2008        
Total 39.7
CI 38.0 / 41.3
SE 0.855








Sex









Female 32.3
CI 29.4 / 35.2
SE 1.473








Male 42.1
CI 40.2 / 44.1
SE 1.002








Race/Ethnicity









American Indian or Alaska Native only DSU









White only 40.6
CI 38.8 / 42.4
SE 0.922








2 or more races 30.8
CI 18.3 / 43.4
SE 6.402








Hispanic or Latino 37.6
CI 31.1 / 44.1
SE 3.329








Not Hispanic or Latino 39.8
CI 38.0 / 41.6
SE 0.907








   Black or African American only, not Hispanic or Latino 32.7
CI 27.8 / 37.6
SE 2.499








   White only, not Hispanic or Latino 40.9
CI 38.9 / 42.8
SE 0.984








Black or African American only 32.8
CI 28.0 / 37.7
SE 2.486








Asian only 32.6
CI 23.4 / 41.9
SE 4.728








Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only DSU









Age group† §









18-44 years 31.3
CI 29.3 / 33.4
SE 1.051








   18-24 years 22.5
CI 18.0 / 27.0
SE 2.285








   25-44 years 34.1
CI 31.8 / 36.5
SE 1.206








45-64 years 49.3
CI 46.4 / 52.3
SE 1.492








   45-54 years 47.5
CI 43.8 / 51.2
SE 1.903








   55-64 years 52.3
CI 47.5 / 57.1
SE 2.438








65 years and over 48.6
CI 43.8 / 53.5
SE 2.467








   75-84 years 46.6
CI 37.3 / 55.9
SE 4.747








   65-74 years 49.1
CI 43.4 / 54.9
SE 2.911








   85 years and over DSU









Educational attainment (25 years and over)









High school 41.0
CI 37.6 / 44.4
SE 1.740








< High school 40.6
CI 35.0 / 46.1
SE 2.829








Some college 45.1
CI 41.0 / 49.1
SE 2.068








Associates degree 47.7
CI 42.8 / 52.6
SE 2.497








4-year college degree 40.3
CI 36.3 / 44.4
SE 2.044








Advanced degree 42.0
CI 37.0 / 46.9
SE 2.532








Family income (percent Poverty Threshold)









100-199 35.6
CI 31.3 / 39.9
SE 2.190








200-399 40.2
CI 37.2 / 43.3
SE 1.547








<100 36.3
CI 29.2 / 43.4
SE 3.624








400-599 40.9
CI 37.1 / 44.6
SE 1.915








600+ 41.6
CI 38.1 / 45.2
SE 1.820








Family type









Married couple or partners 45.8
CI 42.1 / 49.5
SE 1.879








Two parent family with children 49.4
CI 45.8 / 53.0
SE 1.829








Single 35.6
CI 32.9 / 38.3
SE 1.370








Single parent with children 31.3
CI 22.5 / 40.1
SE 4.471








Other 37.8
CI 33.7 / 41.8
SE 2.079








Country of birth









Outside US 35.7
CI 30.0 / 41.3
SE 2.864








US 40.0
CI 38.2 / 41.8
SE 0.902








Disability status









People without activity limitations 39.7
CI 37.9 / 41.5
SE 0.912








People with activity limitations 39.1
CI 33.9 / 44.3
SE 2.651








Geographic location









Metropolitan 39.2
CI 37.2 / 41.2
SE 1.010








Non-metropolitan 42.0
CI 38.5 / 45.5
SE 1.781








Health insurance status (<65 years)









Uninsured 38.0
CI 33.6 / 42.3
SE 2.199








Insured 37.9
CI 36.2 / 39.7
SE 0.901








   Private 38.1
CI 36.2 / 39.9
SE 0.945








   Public 37.7
CI 31.2 / 44.1
SE 3.296








Marital status









Married 41.5
CI 39.0 / 43.9
SE 1.273








Cohabiting partner 43.4
CI 35.7 / 51.2
SE 3.958








Widowed 45.6
CI 27.9 / 63.4
SE 9.043








Never married 32.7
CI 27.8 / 37.7
SE 2.524








Divorced or separated 33.9
CI 30.1 / 37.8
SE 1.941








Footnotes View Footnotes

† Target is not applicable for this population group.

§ This population group is not age adjusted.

DSU: Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Use of vision rehabilitation services by persons with visual impairment (age adjusted, per 1,000 population, 18+ years)

2020 Baseline (year): 30.2 (2008)
2020 Target: 33.21
Desired Direction: Increase
Populations 20082        
Total 30.2
CI 20.8 / 39.5
SE 4.762








Sex









Male 31.2
CI 17.5 / 45.0
SE 7.031








Female 29.5
CI 18.7 / 40.4
SE 5.528








Race/Ethnicity









Black or African American only DSU









2 or more races DSU









Not Hispanic or Latino 29.7
CI 19.3 / 40.1
SE 5.295








   White only, not Hispanic or Latino 28.0
CI 16.7 / 39.2
SE 5.743








   Black or African American only, not Hispanic or Latino DSU









American Indian or Alaska Native only DSU









Asian only DSU









Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only DSU









Hispanic or Latino DSU









White only 29.4
CI 19.2 / 39.5
SE 5.183








Age group† §









18-44 years 25.9
CI 11.8 / 40.1
SE 7.218








   18-24 years DSU









   25-44 years DSU









45-64 years 33.7
CI 19.4 / 48.1
SE 7.309








   45-54 years DSU









   55-64 years 39.2
CI 17.2 / 61.1
SE 11.202








65 years and over 37.1
CI 23.7 / 50.6
SE 6.866








   65-74 years DSU









   85 years and over DSU









   75-84 years 42.4
CI 18.3 / 66.5
SE 12.291








Educational attainment (25 years and over)









< High school DSU









High school 21.1
CI 9.8 / 32.3
SE 5.741








4-year college degree 54.6
CI 24.4 / 84.9
SE 15.431








Advanced degree DSU









Some college DSU









Associates degree DSU









Family income (percent Poverty Threshold)









100-199 28.8
CI 13.0 / 44.6
SE 8.062








200-399 39.3
CI 17.9 / 60.8
SE 10.933








400-599 DSU









<100 24.4
CI 10.8 / 38.0
SE 6.955








600+ DSU









Family type









Two parent family with children DSU









Single 23.7
CI 13.3 / 34.2
SE 5.310








Married couple or partners DSU









Single parent with children DSU









Other 24.3
CI 11.5 / 37.1
SE 6.529








Country of birth









Outside US DSU









US 32.2
CI 21.8 / 42.5
SE 5.265








Geographic location









Metropolitan 30.2
CI 20.4 / 40.0
SE 4.986








Non-metropolitan DSU









Health insurance status (<65 years)









Insured 32.0
CI 19.6 / 44.5
SE 6.358








   Private 34.3
CI 18.9 / 49.7
SE 7.842








   Public DSU









Uninsured DSU









Marital status









Married DSU









Widowed DSU









Never married 39.0
CI 17.0 / 60.9
SE 11.214








Cohabiting partner DSU









Divorced or separated 17.1
CI 7.2 / 27.1
SE 5.077








Footnotes View Footnotes

† Target is not applicable for this population group.

§ This population group is not age adjusted.

1Target has been revised. See Tech Specs for details.

2Baseline has been revised. See Tech Specs for details.

DSU: Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Use of assistive and adaptive devices by persons with visual impairment (age adjusted, percent, 18+ years)

2020 Baseline (year): 11.2 (2008)
2020 Target: 12.3
Desired Direction: Increase
Populations 2008        
Total 11.2
CI 9.7 / 12.7
SE 0.744








Sex









Male 10.7
CI 8.7 / 12.7
SE 1.035








Female 11.6
CI 9.7 / 13.5
SE 0.966








Race/Ethnicity









American Indian or Alaska Native only DSU









Asian only DSU









Black or African American only 11.8
CI 8.3 / 15.3
SE 1.778








White only 11.2
CI 9.5 / 12.8
SE 0.841








2 or more races DSU









Not Hispanic or Latino 11.7
CI 10.1 / 13.3
SE 0.812








   Black or African American only, not Hispanic or Latino 12.0
CI 8.4 / 15.6
SE 1.846








   White only, not Hispanic or Latino 11.6
CI 9.8 / 13.4
SE 0.923








Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only DSU









Hispanic or Latino 6.8
CI 4.1 / 9.6
SE 1.424








Age group† §









45-64 years 14.4
CI 11.9 / 16.9
SE 1.286








   45-54 years 12.6
CI 9.5 / 15.7
SE 1.578








   55-64 years 16.6
CI 12.8 / 20.4
SE 1.943








65 years and over 23.4
CI 19.7 / 27.1
SE 1.893








   85 years and over 33.7
CI 24.2 / 43.2
SE 4.849








   65-74 years 14.7
CI 10.1 / 19.2
SE 2.326








   75-84 years 28.4
CI 22.1 / 34.6
SE 3.196








18-44 years 5.5
CI 3.5 / 7.5
SE 1.027








   25-44 years 5.3
CI 3.1 / 7.5
SE 1.134








   18-24 years DSU









Educational attainment (25 years and over)









High school 13.1
CI 9.8 / 16.4
SE 1.678








Associates degree 15.7
CI 10.9 / 20.5
SE 2.443








< High school 12.4
CI 8.9 / 15.9
SE 1.790








Some college 11.0
CI 8.2 / 13.9
SE 1.460








4-year college degree 10.4
CI 6.8 / 13.9
SE 1.815








Advanced degree 9.6
CI 5.4 / 13.7
SE 2.135








Family income (percent Poverty Threshold)









100-199 12.7
CI 8.9 / 16.5
SE 1.937








200-399 11.8
CI 9.3 / 14.2
SE 1.229








600+ 12.5
CI 8.3 / 16.8
SE 2.156








<100 8.7
CI 6.3 / 11.2
SE 1.259








400-599 9.2
CI 5.7 / 12.8
SE 1.801








Family type









Single 12.4
CI 10.0 / 14.7
SE 1.184








Married couple or partners 12.2
CI 8.7 / 15.6
SE 1.764








Two parent family with children DSU









Single parent with children DSU









Other 11.3
CI 8.3 / 14.4
SE 1.563








Country of birth









US 11.5
CI 10.0 / 13.1
SE 0.794








Outside US 8.6
CI 5.2 / 12.1
SE 1.775








Geographic location









Non-metropolitan 9.3
CI 6.9 / 11.6
SE 1.213








Metropolitan 11.6
CI 10.0 / 13.3
SE 0.842








Health insurance status (<65 years)









Insured 9.2
CI 7.3 / 11.0
SE 0.940








   Public 10.0
CI 7.0 / 13.1
SE 1.567








   Private 8.8
CI 6.6 / 11.1
SE 1.138








Uninsured 7.1
CI 4.3 / 10.0
SE 1.444








Marital status









Married 10.1
CI 8.1 / 12.0
SE 0.988








Divorced or separated 12.3
CI 8.6 / 16.0
SE 1.904








Widowed DSU









Cohabiting partner DSU









Never married 16.5
CI 11.7 / 21.2
SE 2.406








Footnotes View Footnotes

† Target is not applicable for this population group.

§ This population group is not age adjusted.

DSU: Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.