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Cancer

Find evidence-based information and recommendations related to Cancer.

RatingResourceYearEvidence Type
Cancer
Recommendations to increase cancer screening through use of client reminders—Updated recommendations for client- and provider-oriented interventions to increase breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screening. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2012 Systematic Review
Cancer
Increasing Cancer Screening: Client Reminders—Updated recommendations for client- and provider-oriented interventions to increase breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screening. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2012 Systematic Review
Cancer
Increasing Cancer Screening: One-on-One Education—Updated recommendations for client- and provider-oriented interventions to increase breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screening. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2012 Systematic Review
Cancer
Increasing Cancer Screening: Provider Assessment and Feedback—Updated recommendations for client- and provider-oriented interventions to increase breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screening. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2012 Systematic Review
Cancer
Increasing Cancer Screening: Reducing Client Out-of-Pocket Costs—Updated recommendations for client- and provider-oriented interventions to increase breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screening. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2012 Systematic Review
Cancer
Increasing Cancer Screening: Reducing Structural Barriers for Clients—Updated recommendations for client- and provider-oriented interventions to increase breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screening. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2012 Systematic Review
Cancer
Preventing Skin Cancer: Primary and Middle School Interventions. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2012 Systematic Review
Cancer
Preventing Skin Cancer: Multicomponent Community-Wide Interventions (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2011 Systematic Review
Cancer
Health Communication and Social Marketing: Health Communication Campaigns That Include Mass Media and Health-Related Product Distribution. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2011 Systematic Review
Cancer
Increasing Cancer Screening: Provider Reminder and Recall Systems—Intervention to increase recommendation and delivery of screening for breast, cervical, and colorectal cancers by healthcare providers: a systematic review of provider reminders. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2010 Systematic Review
Cancer
Increasing Cancer Screening: Small Media—Updated recommendations for client- and provider-oriented interventions to increase breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screening. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2008 Systematic Review
Cancer
Preventing Skin Cancer: Education and Policy Approaches in Outdoor Recreation Settings—Recommendations to prevent skin cancer by reducing exposure to ultraviolet radiation. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2004 Systematic Review
Cancer
Breast Cancer Screening Intervention Programs-- RTIPS
NIH/NCI, SAMHSA
2013 Randomized Controlled Trial, Experimental Study, Field-Based Summary or Case Study
Cancer
Cervical Cancer Screening Intervention Programs— RTIPs
NIH/NCI, SAMHSA
2012 Non-Systematic Review, Randomized Controlled Trial, Experimental Study
Cancer
Cancer Survivorship Intervention Programs—RTIPs
NIH/NCI, SAMHSA
2012 Other, Randomized Controlled Trial, Experimental Study
Cancer
Colorectal Cancer Screening Intervention Programs— RTIPs
NIH/NCI, SAMHSA
2012 Randomized Controlled Trial, Experimental Study, Field-Based Summary or Case Study
 

The Healthy People 2020 evidence-based resources identified have been selected by subject matter experts at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Resources. Each of the selected evidence-based resources has been rated and classified according to a set of selection criteria based, in part, on publication status, publication type, and number of studies. This classification scheme does not necessarily consider all dimensions of quality, such as statistical significance, effect size (e.g., magnitude of effect), meaningfulness of effect, additional effect over control, and study design (e.g., sample size, power, internal validity, external validity, generalizability, potential biases, potential confounders).

 

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Clinical Recommendations

The following clinical recommendations come from the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) External Web Site Policy.

Behavioral Counseling to Prevent Skin Cancer

The U. S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends counseling children, adolescents, and young adults aged 10 to 24 years who have fair skin about minimizing their exposure to ultraviolet radiation to reduce risk for skin cancer. Learn more External Web Site Policy

Genetic Risk Assessment and BRCA Mutation Testing for Breast and Ovarian Cancer Susceptibility

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that women whose family history is associated with an increased risk for deleterious mutations in BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes be referred for genetic counseling and evaluation for BRCA testing. Learn more External Web Site Policy

Screening for Breast Cancer

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends biennial screening mammography for women aged 50 to 74 years. Learn more External Web Site Policy

Screening for Cervical Cancer

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening for cervical cancer in women ages 21 to 65 years with cytology (Pap smear) every 3 years or, for women ages 30 to 65 years who want to lengthen the screening interval, screening with a combination of cytology and human papillomavirus (HPV) testing every 5 years. Learn more External Web Site Policy

Screening for Colorectal Cancer

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening for colorectal cancer (CRC) using fecal occult blood testing, sigmoidoscopy, or colonoscopy, in adults, beginning at age 50 years and continuing until age 75 years. The risks and benefits of these screening methods vary. Learn more External Web Site Policy

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Consumer Information

The following consumer resources are from healthfinder.gov.

Prostate Cancer Screening: Questions for the doctor

Use these questions to talk to your doctor about prostate cancer screening.

Mammograms: Questions for the doctor

A mammogram (an X-ray of the breast) can help your doctor find breast cancer early. Use these questions to start a conversation with your doctor about when and how often to get a mammogram.

Get Tested for Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer can be prevented with regular screening tests (called Pap tests) and follow-up care.

Get Tested for Colorectal Cancer

Get tested regularly for colorectal cancer starting at age 50. All it takes is a special exam (called a screening).

Protect Your Skin from the Sun

Ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun is the main cause of skin cancer. The best way to prevent skin cancer is to protect your skin from the sun.

Men: Take Charge of Your Health

You can lower your risk of serious health problems by making small changes. Start by asking a doctor which screening tests you need this year.

Get Tested for Breast Cancer

A mammogram can help your doctor find breast cancer early. It's easier to treat breast cancer when it’s found early.

Genetic Testing for Breast and Ovarian Cancer: Questions for the doctor

Genetic testing can help you understand your risk for cancer. Use these questions to start a conversation with your doctor about whether genetic testing is right for you.

Talk with a Doctor if Breast or Ovarian Cancer Runs in Your Family

If family members have had breast or ovarian cancer, ask a doctor about your risk.

HPV Vaccine: Questions for your child's doctor

The HPV vaccine helps protect against HPV (human papillomavirus), which is a cause of cervical cancer in women and genital warts and anal cancer in men and women. Use these questions to talk with the doctor about getting the HPV vaccine for your child.

Colorectal Cancer Screening: Conversation starters

Use these tips to tell a friend or family member how important it is to get screened for colorectal cancer.

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