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Maternal, Infant, and Child Health

Find evidence-based information and recommendations related to Maternal, Infant, and Child Health.

RatingResourceYearEvidence Type
Maternal, Infant, and Child Health
Preventing Excessive Alcohol Consumption: Electronic Screening and Brief Interventions (e-SBI). (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2013 Systematic Review
Maternal, Infant, and Child Health
Obesity Prevention and Control: Technology-Supported Multicomponent Coaching or Counseling Interventions to Reduce Weight and Maintain Weight Loss. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2013 Systematic Review
Maternal, Infant, and Child Health
Prevention of Birth Defects: Interventions to Fortify Food Products with Folic Acid. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2012 Systematic Review
Maternal, Infant, and Child Health
Increasing Tobacco Use Cessation: Reducing Out-of-Pocket Costs for Evidence-Based Cessation Treatments. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2012 Systematic Review
Maternal, Infant, and Child Health
Increasing Tobacco Use Cessation: Quitline Interventions (Community Guide Recommendation).
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2012 Systematic Review
Maternal, Infant, and Child Health
Prevention of Birth Defects: Community-Wide Campaigns to Promote the Use of Folic Acid Supplements. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2011 Systematic Review
Maternal, Infant, and Child Health
Prevention of Birth Defects: Community-Wide Campaigns to Promote the Use of Folic Acid Supplements. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2011 Systematic Review
Maternal, Infant, and Child Health
Increasing Tobacco Use Cessation: Increasing the Unit Price for Tobacco Products. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2011 Systematic Review
Maternal, Infant, and Child Health
Mobile phone-based interventions for smoking cessation. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2011 Systematic Review
Maternal, Infant, and Child Health
Recommendations for worksite-based interventions to improve workers' health. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2010 Systematic Review
Maternal, Infant, and Child Health
Recommendations for worksite-based interventions to improve workers' health. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2010 Systematic Review
Maternal, Infant, and Child Health
A recommendation to improve employee weight status through worksite health promotion programs targeting nutrition, physical activity, or both. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2009 Systematic Review
Maternal, Infant, and Child Health
Reducing Tobacco Use Initiation: Increasing the Unit Price of Tobacco Products. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2005 Systematic Review
Maternal, Infant, and Child Health
Preventive Services: What Works to Promote Health? (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2005 Systematic Review
Maternal, Infant, and Child Health
Recommendations regarding interventions to reduce tobacco use and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2001 Systematic Review
Maternal, Infant, and Child Health
Reviews of evidence regarding interventions to reduce tobacco use and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2001 Systematic Review
Maternal, Infant, and Child Health
Recommendations regarding interventions to reduce tobacco use and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2001 Systematic Review
Maternal, Infant, and Child Health
Toward Improving the Outcome of Pregnancy III: Enhancing Perinatal Health Through Quality, Safety and Performance Initiatives
March of Dimes
2010 Non-Systematic Review
Maternal, Infant, and Child Health
Bright Futures: Guidelines for Health Supervision of Infants, Children, and Adolescents (Third Edition)
American Academcy of Pediatrics
2008 Non-Systematic Review, Expert Opinion
Maternal, Infant, and Child Health
Recommendations to Improve Preconception Health and Health Care --- United States: A Report of the CDC/ATSDR Preconception Care.
CDC/MMWR
2006 Non-Systematic Review
Maternal, Infant, and Child Health
Evidence for the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding.
WHO
1998 Non-Systematic Review
 

The Healthy People 2020 evidence-based resources identified have been selected by subject matter experts at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Resources. Each of the selected evidence-based resources has been rated and classified according to a set of selection criteria based, in part, on publication status, publication type, and number of studies. This classification scheme does not necessarily consider all dimensions of quality, such as statistical significance, effect size (e.g., magnitude of effect), meaningfulness of effect, additional effect over control, and study design (e.g., sample size, power, internal validity, external validity, generalizability, potential biases, potential confounders).

 

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Clinical Recommendations

The following clinical recommendations come from the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) External Web Site Policy.

Counseling and Interventions to Prevent Tobacco Use and Tobacco-Caused Disease in Adults and Pregnant Women

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that clinicians ask all pregnant women about tobacco use and provide augmented, pregnancy-tailored counseling for those who smoke. Learn more External Web Site Policy

Folic Acid to Prevent Neural Tube Defects

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that all women planning or capable of pregnancy take a daily supplement containing 0.4 to 0.8 mg (400 to 800 µg) of folic acid. Learn more External Web Site Policy

Primary Care Interventions to Promote Breastfeeding

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends interventions during pregnancy and after birth to promote and support breastfeeding. Learn more External Web Site Policy

Screening and Behavioral Counseling Interventions in Primary Care to Reduce Alcohol Misuse

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening and behavioral counseling interventions to reduce alcohol misuse by adults, including pregnant women, in primary care settings. Learn more External Web Site Policy

Screening for Asymptomatic Bacteriuria in Adults

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening for asymptomatic bacteriuria with urine culture for pregnant women at 12 to 16 weeks' gestation or at the first prenatal visit, if later. Learn more External Web Site Policy

Screening for Chlamydial Infection

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening for chlamydial infection for all pregnant women aged 24 and younger and for older pregnant women who are at increased risk. Learn more External Web Site Policy

Screening for Congenital Hypothyroidism

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening for congenital hypothyroidism (CH) in newborns. Learn more External Web Site Policy

Screening for Gonorrhea

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that clinicians screen all sexually active women, including those who are pregnant, for gonorrhea infection if they are at increased risk for infection (that is, if they are young or have other individual or population risk factors). Learn more External Web Site Policy

Screening for Hepatitis B Virus Infection in Pregnancy

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in pregnant women at their first prenatal visit. Learn more External Web Site Policy

Screening for HIV

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that clinicians screen all pregnant women for HIV. Learn more External Web Site Policy

Screening for Iron Deficiency Anemia—Including Iron Supplementation for Children and Pregnant Women

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends routine screening for iron deficiency anemia in asymptomatic pregnant women. Learn more External Web Site Policy

Screening for Phenylketonuria (PKU)

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening for phenylketonuria (PKU) in newborns. Learn more External Web Site Policy

Screening for Rh (D) Incompatibility

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends repeated Rh (D) antibody testing for all unsensitized Rh (D)-negative women at 24-28 weeks' gestation, unless the biological father is known to be Rh (D)-negative. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) strongly recommends Rh (D) blood typing and antibody testing for all pregnant women during their first visit for pregnancy-related care.

Screening for Sickle Cell Disease in Newborns

The U. S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening for sickle cell disease in newborns. Learn more External Web Site Policy

Screening for Syphilis Infection in Pregnancy

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that clinicians screen all pregnant women for syphilis infection. Learn more External Web Site Policy

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Consumer Information

The following consumer resources are from healthfinder.gov.

Stay Active during Pregnancy: Quick tips

Physical activity is important for everyone, including healthy pregnant women. Use these tips to stay active during your pregnancy.

Get Enough Folic Acid

Women of childbearing age need an extra 400 micrograms (mcg) of folic acid each day. Folic acid is a vitamin that can help prevent birth defects.

Have a Healthy Pregnancy

Eat healthy, stay active, and see your doctor or midwife regularly.

Breastfeed Your Baby

Breastfeed your baby for the first 6 to 12 months, if you can.

Talk with Your Doctor about Newborn Screening

Before your baby is born, talk with your doctor or midwife about newborn screening.

Make the Most of Your Baby's Visit to the Doctor (Ages 0 to 11 months)

Babies need to go to the doctor for a “well-baby visit” 6 times during their first year. Prepare for your baby's next visit by making a list of questions to ask the doctor.

Make the Most of Your Child's Visit to the Doctor (Ages 1 to 4)

Children ages 1 to 4 need to go to the doctor for a “well-child visit” a total of 7 times. Get the most out of your child's next visit by gathering important information to share with the doctor.

Make the Most of Your Child's Visit to the Doctor (Ages 5 to 10 years)

Children ages 5 to 10 need to go to the doctor for a “well-child visit” once a year. Get the most out of your child's next visit by making a list of questions to take to the doctor.

Make the Most of Your Child's Visit to the Doctor (Ages 11 to 14 years)

Children ages 11 to 14 need to go to the doctor for a “well-child visit” once a year. Get the most out of your child's next visit by gathering important information to share with the doctor.

Make the Most of Your Teen's Visit to the Doctor (Ages 15 to 17 years)

Teens ages 15 to 17 need to go to the doctor for a “well-child visit” once a year. Encourage your teen to get involved in doctors' visits.

Eat Healthy During Pregnancy: Quick tips

Use these tips to choose foods that will help you have a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby.

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