MICH-21.1 Increase the proportion of infants who are ever breastfed

National Data Source
National Immunization Survey (NIS); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases and National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCIRD and CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
No
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
74.0 (2006)
Target
81.9
Target-Setting Method
Projection/trend analysis
Numerator
Number of caregivers of children born in a cohort year who indicate their child was ever breastfed or fed breast milk
Denominator
Number of children aged 19-35 months born in the same cohort year
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2006 National Immunization Survey:

[NUMERATOR:]

Was [child] ever breastfed or fed breast milk?

  1. Yes
  2. No
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective

Comments

Methodology Notes

Using a computer-generated list, the NIS identifies households across the United States with children aged 19–35 months and interviews the person who is most knowledgeable about the child’s immunization status (“caregiver”). Survey years are combined to calculate breastfeeding statistics by year of child’s birth (cohort) instead of the year in which the participant was surveyed. To calculate breastfeeding indicators by year of child birth, data are combined across all relevant survey years. Because children are 19—35 months of age at the time of the parent interview, each survey year represents children born over three years. For example, breastfeeding data for children in the 2006 birth cohort are obtained from NIS 2007, 2008, and 2009.

References and More Information

  1. CDC. NIS survey methods. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/breastfeeding/data/NIS_data/survey_methods.htm (Accessed March 21, 2010.)
  2. Smith PJ, Zhao Z, Wolter KM, Singleton JA, Nuorti JP. Age-period-cohort analyses of public health data collected from independent serial cross-sectional complex probability sample surveys. Seattle, WA: Joint Statistical Meeting; 2006. Available at http://www.amstat.org/Sections/Srms/Proceedings/y2006/Files/JSM2006-000537.pdf