D-13 Increase the proportion of adults with diabetes who perform self-blood glucose-monitoring at least once daily

National Data Source
Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Public Health Surveillance and Informatics Program Office (CDC/PHSIPO)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
percent (age adjusted—see Comments)
Baseline (Year)
64.0 (2008)
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Number of persons aged 18 years and older with diabetes who report that they check their blood for glucose or sugar by themselves or by a family member or friend (excludes health professional) at least once a day
Number of persons aged 18 years and older who report that they have ever been told they have diabetes
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2008 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System:


About how often do you check your blood for glucose or sugar? Include times when checked by a family member or friend, but do not include times when checked by a health professional.

  1. ____Times per day
  2. ____Times per week
  3. ____Times per month
  4. ____Times per year


Have you EVER been told by a doctor or health professional that you have diabetes or sugar diabetes?

  1. Yes
  2. No
  3. Borderline
  4. Don't know
  5. Refused

[For females, if yes:]

Was this only when you were pregnant?

  1. Yes
  2. No
Data Collection Frequency
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective


Methodology Notes

Persons are considered to have diabetes if they have ever been told by a doctor or health professional that they have diabetes or sugar diabetes. Women who report that the only time they have been diagnosed with diabetes was during pregnancy (gestational diabetes) are excluded. Persons who reported borderline or prediabetes are also excluded.

Age Adjustment

This Indicator uses Age-Adjustment Groups:

  • Disability Status: 18-44, 45-64, 65+
  • Educational Attainment: 25-44, 45-64, 65+
  • Race/Ethnicity: 18-44, 45-64, 65+
  • Household Income: 18-44, 45-64, 65+
  • Sex: 18-44, 45-64, 65+
  • Health Insurance Status: 18-44, 45-64
  • Marital Status: 18-44, 45-64, 65+
  • Geographic Location: 18-44, 45-64, 65+
  • Obesity Status: 18-44, 45-64, 65+
  • Total: 18-44, 45-64, 65+
Caveats and Limitations
The BRFSS is conducted independently by each state and therefore methodologies may vary. Pooled national estimates may not take into account these differences and so may differ from estimates obtained using data sources that use methodologies designed to produce national estimates.
Trend Issues
Data for this objective are collected using the core component and an optional module of the BRFSS, which is made available to States for administration annually. The number of States that select the diabetes module varies every year. In 2008, 38 States used the optional diabetes module. The measure is the mean of data for the reporting States.