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Family Planning Data Details

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
Guttmacher Institute Abortion Provider Survey (APS); Guttmacher Institute
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
National Vital Statistics System-Natality (NVSS-N)
Surveillance Data for Abortion; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (CDC/NCCDPHP)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
No
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
51.0 (2002)
Target
56.0
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of intended births among females aged 15 to 44 years
Denominator
Number of live births plus abortions and fetal losses among females aged 15 to 44 years
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth:

[NUMERATOR:]

Before you became pregnant this time, was the reason you did not use any birth control methods because you, yourself wanted to become pregnant?

_______________

At the time you became pregnant, did you, yourself actually want to have a baby at some time?

  1. Yes
  2. No

So would you say you became pregnant too soon, at about the right time, or later than you wanted?

  1. Too soon
  2. Right time
  3. Later
  4. Didn't care
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Intended pregnancies include births that were wanted at the time of conception. Births that were wanted at the time of conception are those resulting from pregnancies that happened at the right time, later than wanted, or those answering "didn’t care". All abortions are considered unintended pregnancies.

Baseline estimates of pregnancies that were intended are derived from the following sources: (1) live births to U.S. residents in 2001; (2) the percent of recent births that were intended according to the 2002 NSFG; (3) estimates of total number of abortions for 2001; and (4) estimates of fetal losses from the 2002 NSFG. The total number of abortions for 2001 was obtained by adjusting the total number of abortions reported in a 2000 census of abortion providers for changes in comparable state-by-state abortion reports between 2000 and 2001. Population denominators are obtained from census estimates and from the Current Population Survey.

The total number of unintended pregnancies was estimated by determining the percent of births and fetal losses that followed unintended pregnancies (as reported in the NSFG) and applying those percents to the actual numbers of each pregnancy outcome, and then adding all abortions. The number of unintended pregnancies was divided by the total number of pregnancies to obtain the percent of pregnancies that were unintended.

References

Additional resources about the objective.

  1. Finer, L. & Henshaw, S. (2005). Estimates of U.S. abortion incidence in 2001 and 2002. New York: The Guttmacher Institute. Accessed March 25, 2010 from http://www.guttmacher.org/pubs/2006/08/03/ab_incidence.pdf.
  2. Finer, L. & Henshaw, S. (2006). Disparities in rates of unintended pregnancy in the United States, 1994 and 2001. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 38 (2), 90-96.

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
Guttmacher Institute Abortion Provider Survey (APS); Guttmacher Institute
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
No
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
12.4 (2002)
Target
9.9
Target-Setting Method
Projection/trend analysis
Numerator
Number of pregnancies that occur within the first 12 months of reported continuous use of a reversible contraceptive method among females aged 15 to 44 years, and their partners
Denominator
Number of consecutive months that a reversible contraceptive method was used by females aged 15 to 44 years, and their partners
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth:

[NUMERATOR:]

Please write the methods you used each month on the calendar. I need to know about all the methods you used, so if you used more than one method, please write down all methods you used that month.

  1. Birth control pills
  2. Condom
  3. Partner's vasectomy
  4. Diaphragm
  5. Foam
  6. Jelly or cream
  7. Cervical cap
  8. Suppository, insert
  9. Today sponge
  10. Female condom, vaginal pouch
  11. IUD, Coil, Loop
  12. Norplant
  13. Depo-provera. Injectables
  14. Morning after pill
  15. Rhythm or safe period by calendar
  16. Safe period by temperature, cervical mucus test, natural family planning
  17. Withdrawal, pulling out
  18. Respondent sterile
  19. Partner sterile
  20. Other method (specify)

How many months or weeks had you been pregnant when the baby was born/that pregnancy ended? [Note: this yields date pregnancy began.]

From the 2001 Abortion Patient Survey:

Before you found out you were pregnant, what was the LAST contraceptive method that you used to prevent pregnancy, including rhythm, withdrawal or condoms?

  1. Pill
  2. Condom, rubber (for males)
  3. Female condom, vaginal pouch
  4. Diaphragm with or without jelly or cream
  5. Sponge (TODAY)
  6. Foam/cream/jelly
  7. Suppository, insert (Semicid, Encara Oval)
  8. IUD, coil, loop
  9. Rhythm/natural family planning
  10. Withdrawal
  11. Norplant, implants in the arm
  12. Depo-Prevera, injectables, shot
  13. Emergency contraception/morning-after pill
  14. Other method (specify)
  15. Never used a method before this pregnancy

In what month and year did you stop using that method?

______/______Month Year

For about how many months in a row had you been using that method?

  1. Less than 1 month
  2. 1 month
  3. 2 months
  4. 3 months
  5. 4 months
  6. 5 months
  7. 6 months
  8. 7 months
  9. 8 months
  10. 9 months
  11. 10 months
  12. 11 months
  13. 12 months
  14. 13 months
  15. 14 months
  16. 15 months
  17. 16 months
  18. 17 months
  19. 18-24 months
  20. 25-26 months
  21. 27-28 months
  22. 29-36 months
  23. 37 or more months (3 or more years)

Had you ever used that method before the months specified above?

  1. Yes
  2. No

Had you stopped using all methods to prevent pregnancy before you became pregnant this time?

  1. Yes
  2. No
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Pregnancies include live births, miscarriages, or induced abortions.

Females are considered to have experienced pregnancy despite use of a reversible method if there was continuous method use (in 12-month intervals) and they became pregnant during a month of use of one or more of the following methods: birth control pills, condom (rubber), diaphragm, foam/jelly/cream, cervical cap, suppository, insert, TodayTM sponge, female condom (vaginal pouch), IUD, coil, loop, Norplant, Depo-provera, injectables, withdrawal (pulling out), rhythm/natural family planning, or emergency contraception/morning-after pill.

NSFG data are adjusted for underreporting of abortions using data from The Guttmacher Institute’s Abortion Patient Survey. Detailed information on adjustment procedure, contraceptive methods and failure rates have been published by The Guttmacher Institute.

References

Additional resources about the objective.

  1. Kost, K, Singh, S., Vaughan, B., Trussell, J., & Bankole, A. (2008). Estimates of contraceptive failure from the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth. Contraception, 77 (1), 10-21.
FP-3 Increase the proportion of publicly funded family planning clinics that offer the full range of FDA-approved methods of contraception, including emergency contraception, onsite

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
53.6 (2010)
Target
67.0
Target-Setting Method
Projection/trend analysis
Numerator
Number of publicly funded family planning clinics that reported offering all FDA-approved methods of contraception onsite
Denominator
Number of publicly funded family planning clinics
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2010 Survey of Contraceptive Service Providers:

[NUMERATOR:]

For each of the following methods of contraception, indicate whether:

  1. The method/service is provided or prescribed at this site
  2. Clients are referred to another clinic/provider within your agency/organization for this method/service
  3. Clients are referred to a clinic/provider that is not affiliated with your agency/organizatino for this method/service
  4. The method/service is not provided and referrals are not given
      1. Oral Contraceptives (OCs)
      2. Extended OC regimen (Seasonale, Seasonique)
      3. IUD: Mirena
      4. IUD: Paragard (Copper-T)
      5. Injectable (Depo-Provera)
      6. Patch (Ortho Evra)
      7. Vaginal ring (NuvaRing)
      8. Diaphram, cervical cap (Lea's Shield, FemCap)
      9. Sponge (Today)
      10. Male condom
      11. Female condom
      12. Spermicides
      13. Natural family planning (NFP) instruction
      14. Emergency contraception
      15. Female sterilization (Tubal ligation, Tubal ligation (Essure))
      16. Vasectomy
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Not applicable
Methodology Notes

Family planning clinics are considered to have offered the full range of FDA-approved contraceptive methods if they offered all methods that, at the time of data collection, were available in the United States and had been approved by the FDA for at least three years. At baseline (2010 data), clinics were considered to have offered the full-range of FDA approved contraceptive methods if they offered all of the following methods onsite: oral contraceptives, long-acting reversible contraception (IUD or implant), injectable (Depo-Provera), other hormonal methods (patch or ring), male barrier (condom), female barrier (diaphragm or cervical cap or sponge or female condom or spermicides), and emergency contraception. Methods that have been approved by the FDA for at least three years are not included in the numerator in order to give clinics a reasonable amount of time after a method is approved to update their clinic protocols and purchasing arrangements.

The Guttmacher Institute conducts a periodic survey of agencies and clinics providing subsidized family planning services in the United States and its jurisdictions. Data for this objective are derived from the periodic survey of family planning clinics (including Title X-funded clinics, health departments, hospitals, community health centers, independent clinics, and Planned Parenthood clinics).

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2013, the original baseline and baseline year were revised from 38.3% in 2003 to 56.6% in 2010 as a result of changes in methodology. The target was adjusted from 47.9% to 67% to reflect the revised baseline using original target-setting method. This change occurred in 2013.

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
No
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
79.7 (2003)
Target
87.7
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of publicly funded family planning clinics that report offering emergency contraception onsite
Denominator
Number of publicly funded family planning clinics
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2003 Survey of Contraceptive Service Providers:

[NUMERATOR:]

Which contraceptive methods are prescribed and/or dispensed at one or more sites in your agency and at each selected site? [Check all that apply.]

  1. Oral Contraceptives (OCs)
  2. IUD: Mirena
  3. IUD: Paragard (Copper-T)
  4. Injectable: 3-month (Depo-Provera)
  5. Patch (Ortho Evra)
  6. Vaginal ring (NuvaRing)
  7. Diaphram
  8. Cervical cap, Lea's Shield or FemCap
  9. Sponge (Today)
  10. Male condom
  11. Female condom
  12. Spermicides
  13. Natural family planning (NFP) instruction (Specify NFP methods offered:_____________)
  14. Emergency contraception: Preven, Plan B
  15. Emergency contraception: Concentrated doses of OC's
  16. Female sterilization: Tubal ligation
  17. Female sterilization: Tubal occlusion (Essure)
  18. Vasectomy
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Adapted from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Family planning clinics are considered to offer emergency contraception onsite if they report offering either Plan B, Preven, or a concentrated dose of oral contraceptives for emergency contraception to clients onsite.

The Guttmacher Institute conducts a periodic survey of agencies and clinics providing subsidized family planning services in the United States and its jurisdictions. Data for this objective are derived from the periodic survey of family planning clinics (including Title X-funded clinics, health departments, hospitals, community health centers, independent clinics, and Planned Parenthood clinics).

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
No
Measure
percent 
Numerator
*** Missing ***
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective

References

Additional resources about the objective.

  1. Sonfield, A.; Gold, R.; Darroch, J. U.S. Insurance Coverage of Contraceptives and the Impact of Contraceptive Coverage Mandates, 2002. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 2004, 36(2): 72-79.
  2. The Alan Guttmacher Institute. Uneven and Unequal: Insurance Coverage and Reproductive Health Services. New York, NY: the Institute, 1994, 1-38.

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
33.1 (2006-2010)
Target
29.8
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of females aged 15 to 44 years whose most recent pregnancy was conceived within 18 months of a previous live birth
Denominator
Number of females aged 15 to 44 years with at least two pregnancies
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth:

[NUMERATOR:]

-Total number of pregnancies [PREGNUM recode based on the question below]

(Including this pregnancy,) how many times have you been pregnant in your life?

-Century Month for Pregnancy End Date (including live birth) [DATEND recode based on the question below]

In what month and year (did this pregnancy end / was this baby born)?

-Gestational length of pregnancy (in weeks) [PRGLNGTH recode, defined for both current and completed pregnancies]

[If a current pregnancy:] How many weeks or months pregnant are you now?

[If a completed pregnancy:] How many months or weeks had you been pregnant when (the baby was born / that pregnancy ended)?

-Pregnancy conception date for the most recent pregnancy is defined by DATECON, a recode constructed from DATEND and PRGLNGTH for completed pregnancies and date of interview and PRGLNGTH for current pregnancies.

-For each pregnancy, a recode OUTCOME is defined to indicate pregnancy outcome as shown below:

  1. Live birth
  2. Induced Abortion
  3. Still birth
  4. Miscarriage
  5. Ectopic pregnancy
  6. Current pregnancy
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Adapted from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

A female is considered to have had a pregnancy within 18 months of a previous birth if she had at least 2 pregnancies and the 2nd most previous pregnancy ended in a live birth. The most recent pregnancy can be a current pregnancy.

The interval between the most recent pregnancy and previous live birth is derived from the delivery date of the live birth and the date of conception for the most recent pregnancy’s conception.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2012, the original baseline was revised from 35.3 to 33.1 due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 31.7 to 29.8 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
83.3 (2006-2010)
Target
91.6
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of at-risk females aged 15 to 44 years who currently use a method of contraception other than withdrawal and who used a method at last sex other than withdrawal
Denominator
Number of at-risk females aged 15 to 44 years who had sex in the month of interview
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth:

[NUMERATOR:]

Please write the methods you used each month on the calendar. I need to know about all the methods you used, so if you used more than one method, please write down all methods you used that month.

  1. Birth control pills
  2. Condom
  3. Partner's vasectomy
  4. Diaphragm
  5. Foam
  6. Jelly or cream
  7. Cervical cap
  8. Suppository, insert
  9. Today sponge
  10. Female condom, vaginal pouch
  11. IUD, Coil, Loop
  12. Norplant
  13. Depo-provera, Injectables
  14. Morning after pill
  15. Rhythm or safe period by calendar
  16. Safe period by temperature, or cervical mucus test, or natural family planning
  17. Withdrawal, pulling out
  18. Respondent sterile
  19. Partner sterile
  20. Other method (specify)

Is the reason you are not using a method of birth control now because you, yourself, want to become pregnant as soon as possible?

  1. Yes
  2. No

Many women have times when they are not having intercourse at all, for example, because of pregnancy, separation, not dating anyone, illness, or other reasons. Since (Date), have there been any times when you were not having intercourse at all for one month or more?

  1. Yes
  2. No

What months and years were those?

__________

Date of last (or more recent) sexual intercourse

__________

Century month of interview date

__________

Recode mthuse3 measures whether used any contraceptive method at last sex in past 3 mos

__________

Looking at Card 33, the (last) time you had intercourse with [LAST PARTNER IN PAST 12 MONTHS] in [DATE], did you or he use any method?

  1. Yes
  2. No

Type of sterilization operation "in effect"

  1. Hysterectomy
  2. Vasectomy
  3. Other operation or type unknown
  4. Not surgically sterile

Whether Respondent's Current Husband/Partner is Surgically Sterile at Interview

  1. Yes
  2. No

Now I have a few more questions about your physical ability to have a(nother) baby at some time in the future.

Some women are not physically able to have children. As far as you know, is it physically possible for you, yourself, to have a(nother) baby?

  1. Yes
  2. No

What about (NAME OF CURRENT HUSBAND OR COHABITING PARTNER)? As far as you know, is it physically possible for him to father a baby in the future?

  1. Yes
  2. No

Century Month for respondent's most recent completed pregnancy

__________

Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Adapted from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

“At risk” females are those who had intercourse in the 3 months prior to the survey, who were not pregnant, nor seeking pregnancy, nor (themselves or partners) surgically or nonsurgically sterile.

“Currently using” refers to having used any contraceptive method (categories 1, 2, 4 through 16) other than sterilization or withdrawal in the month of the interview.

An unintended pregnancy is one that was not wanted at the time of conception or not wanted at all.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2012, the original baseline was revised from 83.0 to 83.3 due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 91.3 to 91.6 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

FP-7 Increase the proportion of sexually experienced persons who received reproductive health services
FP-7.1 Increase the proportion of sexually experienced females aged 15 to 44 years who received reproductive health services in the past 12 months Leading Health Indicators

Leading Health Indicators are a subset of Healthy People 2020 objectives selected to communicate high-priority health issues.

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
78.6 (2006-2010)
Target
86.5
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of sexually experienced females ages 15 to 44 years who reported receiving at least one of the family planning/reproductive health services listed below in the last 12 months
Denominator
Number of sexually experienced females ages 15 to 44 years
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth:

[NUMERATOR:]

(In the past 12 months, have you received) A method of birth control or a prescription for a method?

  1. Yes
  2. No

(In the past 12 months, have you received) A check-up or medical test related to using a birth control method?

  1. Yes
  2. No

(In the past 12 months, have you received) Counseling or information about birth control?

  1. Yes
  2. No

(In the past 12 months, have you received) Counseling or information about getting sterilized?

  1. Yes
  2. No

(In the past 12 months, have you received) Counseling or information about Emergency contraception or the "Morning-after pill"?

  1. Yes
  2. No

[You may have already told me, but] in the past 12 months have you received a pregnancy test?

  1. Yes
  2. No

(In the past 12 months have you received) A Pap smear?

  1. Yes
  2. No

(In the past 12 months have you received) A pelvic exam?

  1. Yes
  2. No

In the past 12 months, have you received counseling for, or been tested or treated for a sexually transmitted disease?

  1. Yes
  2. No
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Not applicable
Leading Health Indicator
Reproductive and Sexual Health
Methodology Notes

Females are considered to have received reproductive health services if they reported receiving at least one of the following services in the last 12 months: a birth control method; birth control counseling; birth control checkup or test; sterilization counseling; emergency contraception counseling; pelvic exam; pap smear; pregnancy test; and STD counseling, testing, or treatment. Sexually experienced refers to females who have ever had intercourse.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2012, the original baseline was revised from 78.8 to 78.6 due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 86.7 to 86.5 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
14.8 (2006-2010)
Target
16.3
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of sexually experienced males ages 15 to 44 years who reported receiving at least one of the family planning/reproductive health services listed below in the last 12 months
Denominator
Number of sexually experienced males ages 15 to 44 years
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth:

[NUMERATOR:]

(In the past 12 months, have you...) Received advice or counseling from a doctor or other medical care provider about using female methods of birth control?"

  1. Yes
  2. No

(In the past 12 months, have you...) Received advice or counseling from a doctor or other medical care provider about using male methods of birth control (condoms or vasectomy)?

  1. Yes
  2. No

(In the past 12 months, have you...) Received advice or counseling from a doctor or other medical care provider about getting surgically sterilized?

  1. Yes
  2. No

(In the past 12 months, have you...) Received advice or counseling from a doctor or other medical care provider about sexually transmitted infections other than HIV, such as gonorrhea, Chlamydia, syphilis, or genital herpes?

  1. Yes
  2. No

(In the past 12 months, have you...) Received advice or counseling from a doctor or other medical care provider about HIV or AIDS?

  1. Yes
  2. No
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Not applicable
Methodology Notes

Males are considered to have received a reproductive health service if they received at least one of the following services in the last 12 months: birth control advice or counseling about female methods of birth control, birth control advice or counseling about male methods of birth control, sterilization advice, STD advice, or HIV advice. Sexually experienced refers to males who have ever had intercourse.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2012, the original baseline was revised from 14.9 to 14.8 due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 16.4 to 16.3 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

FP-8 Reduce pregnancies among adolescent females

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
Guttmacher Institute Abortion Provider Survey (APS); Guttmacher Institute
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
National Vital Statistics System-Natality (NVSS-N)
Surveillance Data for Abortion; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (CDC/NCCDPHP)
Population Estimates; U.S. Census Bureau (Census)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
No
Measure
per 1,000 
Baseline (Year)
40.2 (2005)
Target
36.2
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of pregnancies among females aged 15 to 17 years
Denominator
Number of females aged 15 to 17 years
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Adolescent pregnancies are the sum of all U.S. resident live births, induced abortions, and fetal losses to females aged 15 to 17 years.

Data on live births are counts of all births to U.S. residents occurring in the United States. Estimates of induced abortion are based on reports by CDC and The Guttmacher Institute. The Guttmacher Institute’s national estimates of abortions, based on surveys it conducts of all known abortion providers, are distributed by age and race according to estimates prepared by CDC’s National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP), based on reports of induced abortions from selected State health departments.

Fetal losses refer to pregnancies that end in miscarriage, stillbirth, or ectopic pregnancy.

References

Additional resources about the objective.

  1. Ventura SJ, Abma JC, Mosher WD, and Henshaw SK. Estimated pregnancy rates by outcome for the United States, 1990-94. National Vital Statistics Reports, vol 56, no 15. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
Guttmacher Institute Abortion Provider Survey (APS); Guttmacher Institute
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
National Vital Statistics System-Natality (NVSS-N)
Surveillance Data for Abortion; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (CDC/NCCDPHP)
Population Estimates; U.S. Census Bureau (Census)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
No
Measure
per 1,000 
Baseline (Year)
117.7 (2005)
Target
105.9
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of pregnancies among females aged 18 to 19 years
Denominator
Number of females aged 18 to 19 years
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Adapted from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Adolescent pregnancies are the sum of all U.S. resident live births, induced abortions, and fetal losses to females aged 18 to 19 years.

Data on live births are counts of all births to U.S. residents occurring in the United States. Estimates of induced abortions are based on reports by CDC and The Guttmacher Institute. The Guttmacher Institute’s national estimates of abortions, based on surveys it conducts of all known abortion providers, are distributed by age and race according to estimates prepared by CDC’s National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP), based on reports of induced abortions from selected State health departments.

Fetal losses refer to pregnancies that end in miscarriage, stillbirth, or ectopic pregnancy.

References

Additional resources about the objective.

  1. Ventura SJ, Abma JC, Mosher WD, and Henshaw SK. Estimated pregnancy rates by outcome for the United States, 1990-94. National Vital Statistics Reports, vol 56, no 15. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.
FP-9 Increase the proportion of adolescents aged 17 years and under who have never had sexual intercourse

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
72.9 (2006-2010)
Target
80.2
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of females aged 15 to 17 years who had never had sexual intercourse with a male
Denominator
Number of females aged 15 to 17 years
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth:

[NUMERATOR:]

At any time in your life, have you ever had sexual intercourse with a man, that is, made love, had sex, or gone all the way?

  1. Yes
  2. No
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2012, the original baseline was revised from 72.1 to 72.9 due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 79.3 to 80.2 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
72.0 (2006-2010)
Target
79.2
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of males aged 15 to 17 years who had never had sexual intercourse with a female
Denominator
Number of males aged 15 to 17 years
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth:

[NUMERATOR:]

At any time in your life, have you ever had sexual intercourse with a woman, that is, made love, had sex, or gone all the way?

  1. Yes
  2. No
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2012, the original baseline was revised from 71.2 to 72.0 due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 78.3 to 79.2 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
85.4 (2006-2010)
Target
93.9
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of females aged 15 years who had never had sexual intercourse with a male
Denominator
Number of females aged 15 years
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth:

[NUMERATOR:]

At any time in your life, have you ever had sexual intercourse with a man, that is, made love, had sex, or gone all the way?

  1. Yes
  2. No
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Adapted from HP2010 objective

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2012, the original baseline was revised from 82.9 to 85.4 due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 91.2 to 93.9 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
84.3 (2006-2010)
Target
92.7
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of males aged 15 years who had never had sexual intercourse with a female
Denominator
Number of males aged 15 years
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth:

[NUMERATOR:]

The next section is about relationships with females. Have you ever had sexual intercourse with a female (sometimes this is called making love, having sex, or going all the way)?

  1. Yes
  2. No
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Adapted from HP2010 objective

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

IN 2012, the original baseline was revised from 82.0 to 84.3 due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 90.2 to 92.7 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

FP-10 Increase the proportion of sexually active persons aged 15 to 19 years who use condoms to both effectively prevent pregnancy and provide barrier protection against disease

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
68.0 (2006-2010)
Target
74.8
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of sexually experienced females aged 15 to 19 years whose partner used a condom at their first intercourse
Denominator
Number of sexually experienced females aged 15 to 19 years
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Adapted from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Females are considered to have used a condom at first intercourse if they reported they were sexually experienced and that their partner used a condom at their first intercourse. Sexually experienced refers to females aged 15 to 19 years who had ever had intercourse.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2012, the original baseline was revised from 66.9 to 68.0 due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 73.6 to 74.8 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
79.6 (2006-2010)
Target
87.6
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of sexually experienced males aged 15 to 19 years who used a condom at first intercourse
Denominator
Number of sexually experienced males aged 15 to 19 years
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Adapted from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Males are considered to have used a condom at first intercourse if they reported they were sexually experienced and used a condom at their first intercourse. Sexually experienced refers to males aged 15 to 19 years who had ever had intercourse.

Sexually experienced refers to males aged 15 to 19 years who had ever had intercourse.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2012, the original baseline was revised from 80.6 to 79.6 due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 88.6 to 87.6 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
50.5 (2006-2010)
Target
55.6
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of sexually active females aged 15 to 19 years who used a condom at last intercourse
Denominator
Number of sexually active females aged 15 to 19 years
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Adapted from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Females are considered to have used a condom at last intercourse if they reported they were sexually active and partner used a condom at their last intercourse.

Sexually active refers to females who have had intercourse in the 3 months prior to interview.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

IN 2012, the original baseline was revised from 52.8 to 50.5 due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 58.1 to 55.6 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
74.1 (2006-2010)
Target
81.5
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of sexually active males aged 15 to 19 years who used a condom at last intercourse
Denominator
Number of sexually active males aged 15 to 19 years
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Adapted from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Males are considered to have used a condom at last intercourse if they reported they were sexually active and used a condom at their last intercourse.

Sexually active refers to males who have had intercourse in the 3 months prior to interview.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2012, the original baseline was revised from 77.9 to 74.1 due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 85.7 to 81.5 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

FP-11 Increase the proportion of sexually active persons aged 15 to 19 years who use condoms and hormonal or intrauterine contraception to both effectively prevent pregnancy and provide barrier protection against disease

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
14.0 (2006-2010)
Target
15.4
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of sexually experienced females aged 15 to 19 years who used a condom plus hormonal or intrauterine method at first intercourse
Denominator
Number of sexually experienced females aged 15 to 19 years
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Adapted from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Females are considered to have used a condom and hormonal or intrauterine method at first intercourse if they reported they were sexually experienced; partner used a condom, and they used either birth control pills, hormonal injection, hormonal implants, hormonal patch, vaginal ring, IUD, or emergency contraception at their first intercourse.

Sexually experienced refers to females who had their first premarital intercourse in the past 5 years.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2012, the original baseline was revised from 13.4 to 14.0 due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 14.8 to 15.4 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
15.7 (2006-2010)
Target
17.3
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of sexually experienced males aged 15 to 19 years who used a condom plus hormonal or intrauterine method at first intercourse
Denominator
Number of sexually experienced males aged 15 to 19 years
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Adapted from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Males are considered to have used a condom and hormonal or intrauterine method at first intercourse if they reported they were sexually experienced; used a condom; and their partner used either pills, hormonal injections, hormonal implants, hormonal patch, vaginal ring, or IUD at their first intercourse.

Sexually experienced refers to males aged 15 to 19 years who had ever had intercourse.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

IN 2012, the original baseline was revised from 18.1 to 15.7 due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 19.9 to 17.3 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
18.3 (2006-2010)
Target
20.1
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of sexually active females aged 15 to 19 years who used a condom plus hormonal or intrauterine method at last intercourse
Denominator
Number of sexually active females aged 15 to 19 years
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Adapted from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Females are considered to have used a condom and hormonal or intrauterine method at last intercourse if they reported they were sexually active; partner used a condom and they used either birth control pills, hormonal injections, hormonal implants, hormonal patch, vaginal ring, IUD, or emergency contraception at their last intercourse.

Sexually active refers to females who have had intercourse in the 3 months prior to interview.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2012, the original baseline was revised from 18.4 to 18.3 due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 20.2 to 20.1 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
32.1 (2006-2010)
Target
35.3
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of sexually active males aged 15 to 19 years who used a condom plus hormonal or intrauterine method at last intercourse
Denominator
Number of sexually active males aged 15 to 19 years
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Adapted from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Males are considered to have used a condom and hormonal or intrauterine method at last intercourse if they reported they were sexually active; used a condom; and their partner used either pills, hormonal injections, hormonal implants, hormonal patch, vaginal ring, or IUD at their last intercourse.

Sexually active refers to males who have had intercourse in the 3 months prior to interview.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2012, the original baseline was revised from 33.0 to 32.1 due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 36.3 to 35.3 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

FP-12 Increase the proportion of adolescents who received formal instruction on reproductive health topics before they were 18 years old

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
88.7 (2006-2010)
Target
97.6
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Females aged 15 to 19 years who report having had formal instruction, before turning age 18 years, about how to say no to sex
Denominator
Number of females aged 15 to 19 years
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth:

[NUMERATOR:]

Now I'm interested in knowing about formal sex education you may have had. (Before you were 18, did you ever have/ Have you ever had) any formal instruction at school, church, a community center or some other place about how to say no to sex?

  1. Yes
  2. No
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Females are considered to have received formal instructions on abstinence before turning age 18 years if they responded yes to the Numerator question.

Formal instruction is defined as having received formal instruction at school, church, a community center, or some other place; and informal instruction is defined as having talked to a parent or guardian about reproductive health topics.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2012, the original baseline was revised from 87.2 to 88.7 due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 95.9 to 97.6 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
82.5 (2006-2010)
Target
90.8
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Males aged 15 to 19 years who report having had formal instruction, before turning age 18 years, about how to say no to sex
Denominator
Number of males aged 15 to 19 years
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth:

[NUMERATOR:]

Now I'm interested in knowing about formal sex education you may have had. (Before you were 18, did you ever have/ Have you ever had) any formal instruction at school, church, a community center or some other place about how to say no to sex?

  1. Yes
  2. No
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Males are considered to have received formal instructions on abstinence before turning age 18 years if they responded yes to the Numerator question.

Formal instruction is defined as having received formal instruction at school, church, a community center, or some other place; and informal instruction is defined as having talked to a parent or guardian about reproductive health topics.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2012, the original baseline was revised from 81.1 to 82.5 due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 89.2 to 90.8 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
70.5 (2006-2010)
Target
77.6
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Females aged 15 to 19 years who report having had formal instruction, before turning age 18 years about birth control methods
Denominator
Number of females aged 15 to 19 years
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth:

[NUMERATOR:]

Before you were 18, did you ever have/ Have you ever had any formal instruction at school, church, a community center or some other place...

About methods of birth control?

  1. Yes
  2. No
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Females are considered to have received formal instruction on birth control methods before turning age 18 years if they responded yes to the Numerator question.

Formal instruction is defined as having received formal instruction at school, church, a community center, or some other place; and informal instruction is defined as having talked to a parent or guardian about reproductive health topics.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2012, the original baseline was revised from 69.5 to 70.5 due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 76.4 to 77.6 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
60.8 (2006-2010)
Target
66.9
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Males aged 15 to 19 years who report having had formal instruction before turning 18 about birth control methods
Denominator
Number of males aged 15 to 19 years
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth:

[NUMERATOR:]

Before you were 18, did you ever have/ Have you ever had any formal instruction at school, church, a community center or some other place...

About methods of birth control?

  1. Yes
  2. No
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Males are considered to have received formal instruction on birth control methods before turning age 18 years if they responded yes to the Numeartor question.

Formal instruction is defined as having received formal instruction at school, church, a community center, or some other place; and informal instruction is defined as having talked to a parent or guardian about reproductive health topics.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2012, the original baseline was revised from 61.9 to 60.8 due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 68.1 to 66.9 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
89.3 (2006-2010)
Target
98.2
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Females aged 15 to 19 who reported having had formal instruction before turning age 18 years about how to prevent HIV/AIDS
Denominator
Number of females aged 15 to 19 years
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth:

[NUMERATOR:]

Before you were 18 / Have you ever had any formal instruction at school, church, a community center or some other place about how to prevent HIV/AIDS?

  1. Yes
  2. No
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Females are considered to have received formal instruction on HIV/AIDS prevention before turning age 18 years if they responded yes to the Numerator question.

Formal instruction is defined as having received formal instruction at school, church, a community center, or some other place; and informal instruction is defined as having talked to a parent or guardian about reproductive health topics.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2012, the original baseline was revised from 88.3 to 89.3 due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 97.2 to 98.2 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
87.9 (2006-2010)
Target
96.7
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Males aged 15 to 19 who reported having had formal instruction before turning age 18 years about how to prevent HIV/AIDS
Denominator
Number of males aged 15 to 19 years
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth:

[NUMERATOR:]

Before you were 18 / Have you ever had any formal instruction at school, church, a community center or some other place about how to prevent HIV/AIDS?

  1. Yes
  2. No
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Males are considered to have received formal instruction on HIV/AIDS prevention before turning age 18 years if they responded yes to the Numerator question.

Formal instruction is defined as having received formal instruction at school, church, a community center, or some other place; and informal instruction is defined as having talked to a parent or guardian about reproductive health topics.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2012, the original baseline was revised from 89.0 to 87.9 due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 97.9 to 96.7 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
93.8 (2006-2010)
Target
95.8
Target-Setting Method
2 percentage point improvement
Numerator
Females aged 15 to 19 years who reported having had formal instruction before turning age 18 years about sexually transmitted disease
Denominator
Number of females aged 15 to 19 years
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth:

[NUMERATOR:]

Before you were 18 / Have you ever had any formal instruction at school, church, a community center or some other place about sexually transmitted diseases?

  1. Yes
  2. No
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Females are considered to have received formal instruction on STDs before turning age 18 years if they responded yes to the Numerator question.

Formal instruction is defined as having received formal instruction at school, church, a community center, or some other place; and informal instruction is defined as having talked to a parent or guardian about reproductive health topics.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2012, the original baseline was revised from 93.2 to 93.8 due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 95.2 to 95.8 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
91.8 (2006-2010)
Target
93.8
Target-Setting Method
2 percentage point improvement
Numerator
Males aged 15 to 19 years who reported having had formal instructions before turning age 18 years about sexually transmitted disease
Denominator
Number of males aged 15 to 19 years
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth:

[NUMERATOR:]

Before you were 18 / Have you ever had any formal instruction at school, church, a community center or some other place about sexually transmitted diseases?

  1. Yes
  2. No
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Males are considered to have received formal instruction on STDs before turning age 18 years if they responded yes to the Numerator question.

Formal instruction is defined as having received formal instruction at school, church, a community center, or some other place; and informal instruction is defined as having talked to a parent or guardian about reproductive health topics.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2012, the original baseline was revised from 92.2 to 91.8 due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 94.2 to 93.8 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

FP-13 Increase the proportion of adolescents who talked to a parent or guardian about reproductive health topics before they were 18 years old

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
61.4 (2006-2010)
Target
67.5
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Females aged 15 to 19 years who reported talking with a parent or guardian about how to say no to sex
Denominator
Number of females aged 15 to 19 years
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth:

[NUMERATOR:]

(Before you were 18 years old), which, if any, of the topics shown on Card 23 did you ever talk/have you ever talked with a parent or guardian about? [ENTER all that apply.]

  1. How to say no to sex
  2. Methods of birth control
  3. Where to get birth control
  4. Sexually transmitted diseases
  5. How to prevent HIV/AIDS
  6. How to use a condom
  7. None of the above
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Females are considered as having received informal instruction if they report they talked with a parent or guardian about how to say no to sex.

Formal instruction is defined as having received formal instruction at school, church, a community center, or some other place; and informal instruction is defined as having talked to a parent or guardian about reproductive health topics.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2012, the original baseline was revised from 63.1 to 61.4 due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 69.4 to 67.5 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
41.2 (2006-2010)
Target
45.3
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Males aged 15 to 19 years who reported talking with a parent or guardian, before turning age 18 years about how to say no to sex
Denominator
Number of males aged 15 to 19 years
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth:

[NUMERATOR:]

The next questions are about how you learned about sex and birth control. (Before you were 18 years old), which, if any, of the topics shown on Card 23 did you ever talk with a parent or guardian about? [ENTER all that apply:]

  1. How to say no to sex
  2. Methods of birth control
  3. Where to get birth control
  4. Sexually transmitted diseases
  5. How to prevent HV/AIDS
  6. How to use a condom
  7. None of the above
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Males are considered as having received informal instruction on abstinence if they report they talked with a parent or guardian about how to say no to sex.

Formal instruction is defined as having received formal instruction at school, church, a community center, or some other place; and informal instruction is defined as having talked to a parent or guardian about reproductive health topics.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2012, the original baseline was revised from 41.8 to 41.2 due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 45.9 to 45.3 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
51.0 (2006-2010)
Target
56.1
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Females aged 15 to 19 years who reported talking to a parent or guardian about methods of birth control
Denominator
Number of females aged 15 to 19 years
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth:

[NUMERATOR:]

(Before you were 18 years old), which, if any, of the topics shown on Card 23 did you ever talk/have you ever talked with a parent or guardian about? [ENTER all that apply.]

  1. How to say no to sex
  2. Methods of birth control
  3. Where to get birth control
  4. Sexually transmitted diseases
  5. How to prevent HIV/AIDS
  6. How to use a condom
  7. None of the above
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Females are considered as having received informal instruction if they report they talked with a parent or guardian about methods of birth control.

Formal instruction is defined as having received formal instruction at school, church, a community center, or some other place; and informal instruction is defined as having talked to a parent or guardian about reproductive health topics.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2013, the original baseline was revised from 50.5 to 51.0 due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 55.6 to 56.1 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
29.2 (2006-2010)
Target
32.1
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Females aged 15 to 19 years who reported talking to a parent or guardian about methods of birth control
Denominator
Number of females aged 15 to 19 years
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth:

[NUMERATOR:]

The next questions are about how you learned about sex and birth control. (Before you were 18 years old), which, if any, of the topics shown on Card 23 did you ever talk with a parent or guardian about? [ENTER all that apply:]

  1. How to say no to sex
  2. Methods of birth control
  3. Where to get birth control
  4. Sexually transmitted diseases
  5. How to prevent HIV/AIDS
  6. How to use a condom
  7. None of the above
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Males are considered as having received informal instruction if they report they talked with a parent or guardian about methods of birth control.

Formal instruction is defined as having received formal instruction at school, church, a community center, or some other place; and informal instruction is defined as having talked to a parent or guardian about reproductive health topics.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2012, the original baseline was revised from 30.6 to 29.2 due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 33.6 to 32.1 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
40.9 (2006-2010)
Target
45.0
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Females aged 15 to 19 years who reported talking with a parent or guardian about how to prevent HIV/AIDS
Denominator
Number of females aged 15 to 19 years
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2006 National Survey of Family Growth:

[NUMERATOR:]

The next questions are about how you learned about sex and birth control. (Before you were 18 years old), which, if any, of the topics shown on Card 23 did you ever talk with a parent or guardian about?

  1. How to say no to sex
  2. Methods of birth control
  3. Where to get birth control
  4. Sexually transmitted diseases
  5. How to prevent HIV/AIDS
  6. How to use a condom
  7. None of the above
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Females are considered to have received informal instruction on HIV/AIDS prevention before turning age 18 years if they responded yes to the HIV/AIDS prevention question.

Formal instruction is defined as having received formal instruction at school, church, a community center, or some other place; and informal instruction is defined as having talked to a parent or guardian about reproductive health topics.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2012, the original baseline was revised from 55.2 to 40.9 due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 60.7 to 45.0 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
37.8 (2006-2010)
Target
41.6
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Males aged 15 to 19 who reported talking with a parent or guardian about how to prevent HIV/AIDS
Denominator
Number of males aged 15 to 19 years
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2006 National Survey of Family Growth:

[NUMERATOR:]

The next questions are about how you learned about sex and birth control. [Before you were 18 years old], which, if any, of the topics shown on Card 23 did you ever talk with a parent or guardian about?

  1. How to say no to sex
  2. Methods of birth control
  3. Where to get birth control
  4. Sexually transmitted diseases
  5. How to prevent HIV/AIDS
  6. How to use a condom
  7. None of the above
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Females are considered to have received informal instruction on HIV/AIDS prevention before turning age 18 years if they responded yes to the HIV/AIDS prevention question.

Formal instruction is defined as having received formal instruction at school, church, a community center, or some other place; and informal instruction is defined as having talked to a parent or guardian about reproductive health topics.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2012, the original baseline was revised from 49.3 to 37.8 due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 54.3 to 41.6 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

References

Additional resources about the objective.

  1. Klein, R.J.; Proctor, S.E.; Boudreault, M.A.; Turczyn, K.M. Healthy People 2010 Criteria for Data Suppression. Statistical Notes No. 24. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2002.

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
54.2 (2006-2010)
Target
59.6
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Females aged 15 to 19 years who reported talking with a parent or guardian about sexually transmitted diseases
Denominator
Number of females aged 15 to 19 years
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth:

[NUMERATOR:]

(Before you were 18 years old), which, if any, of the topics shown on Card 23 did you ever talk/have you ever talked with a parent or guardian about? [ENTER all that apply.]

  1. How to say no to sex
  2. Methods of birth control
  3. Where to get birth control
  4. Sexually transmitted diseases
  5. How to prevent HIV/AIDS
  6. How to use a condom
  7. None of the above
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Females are considered as having received informal instruction if they report they talked with a parent or guardian about sexually transmitted diseases.

Formal instruction is defined as having received formal instruction at school, church, a community center, or some other place; and informal instruction is defined as having talked to a parent or guardian about reproductive health topics.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2012, the original baseline was revised from 55.2 to 54.2 due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 60.7 to 59.6 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
48.1 (2006-2010)
Target
52.9
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Males aged 15 to 19 years who reported talking with a parent or guardian about sexually transmitted diseases
Denominator
Number of males aged 15 to 19 years
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth:

[NUMERATOR:]

The next questions are about how you learned about sex and birth control. (Before you were 18 years old), which, if any, of the topics shown on Card 23 did you ever talk with a parent or guardian about? [ENTER all that apply:]

  1. How to say no to sex
  2. Methods of birth control
  3. Where to get birth control
  4. Sexually transmitted diseases
  5. How to prevent HIV/AIDS
  6. How to use a condom
  7. None of the above
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Males are considered as having received informal instruction if they report they talked with a parent or guardian about sexually transmitted diseases.

Formal instruction is defined as having received formal instruction at school, church, a community center, or some other place; and informal instruction is defined as having talked to a parent or guardian about reproductive health topics.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2012, the original baseline was revised from 38.5 to 48.1 due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 42.3 to 52.9 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
No
Measure
number 
Baseline (Year)
21 (2010)
Target
32
Target-Setting Method
Projection/trend analysis
Numerator
Number of States in which the income-eligibility level for Medicaid-funded family planning services is at least the same as the income-eligibility level for Medicaid-funded pregnancy-related care
Data Collection Frequency
Annual
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Not applicable
Methodology Notes

Since the 1980’s, states have been required to extend eligibility for Medicaid-covered pregnancy-related care for up to 60 days postpartum to all women with incomes up to 133% of the federal poverty level, a level which was above most states’ regular Medicaid eligibility ceilings. In addition, states were given the option to expand eligibility for pregnancy-related care to women with incomes up to 185% of poverty or beyond.

State efforts to expand Medicaid eligibility for family planning have resulted in an increased number of clients served, improved geographic availability of services, increased use of effective contraceptive methods, prevention of unintended pregnancies, reduction in the number of teen pregnancies, and substantial cost savings for federal and state governments. Overall, states that have expanded Medicaid eligibility for family planning based on income have had the best outcomes. In particular, these states have served more contraceptive clients and have met a greater proportion of the need for publicly-supported family planning services. In addition, establishing parity between the income-level used to determine Medicaid eligibility for pregnancy-related care and the income-level used to determine eligibility for family planning services has been shown to be the most cost-effective approach for expanding Medicaid eligibility for family planning.

References

Additional resources about the objective.

  1. Kaiser Family Foundation. (2007). Medicaid’s Role in Family Planning. Issue Brief #7064-03. Accessed April 8, 2009 from http://www.kff.org/womenshealth/upload/7064_03.pdf.
  2. Kaiser Family Foundation. (2009). Medicaid: A Primer. Accessed on April 8, 2009 from http://www.kff.org/medicaid/upload/7334-03.pdf.
  3. Sonfield, A., Alrich, C, & Gold, R. (2008). State government innovation in the design and implementation of Medicaid family planning expansions. Accessed April 9, 2009 from http://www.guttmacher.org/pubs/2008/03/28/StateMFPEpractices.pdf.

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
No
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
53.8 (2006)
Target
64.5
Target-Setting Method
Projection/trend analysis
Numerator
Number of females ages 13-44 receiving public-sector contraceptive services
Denominator
Number of females ages 13-44 in need of publicly supported contraceptive services and supplies
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2006 Current Population Survey:

[NUMERATOR:]

Which category represents (your/name of reference person/the total combined income)(total combined income during the past 12 months?/ of all members of your FAMILY during the past 12 months?/ of all members of (name of reference person)'s FAMILY during the past 12 months?)

This includes money from jobs, net income from business, farm or rent, pensions, dividends, interest, social security payments and any other money income received ( by members of (your/ name of reference person) FAMILY who are 15 years of age or older.)

  1. Less than $5,000
  2. 5,000 to 7,499
  3. 7,500 to 9,999
  4. 10,000 to 12,499
  5. 12,500 to 14,999
  6. 15,000 to 19,999
  7. 20,000 to 24,999
  8. 25,000 to 29,999
  9. 30,000 to 34,999
  10. 35,000 to 39,999
  11. 40,000 to 49,999
  12. 50,000 to 59,999
  13. 60,000 to 74,999
  14. 75,000 to 99,999
  15. 100,000 to 149,999
  16. 150,000 or more

From the 2006 Bureau of Economic Analysis:

Per capita personal income for counties is used to project county level income changes between census years, as adjusted by state level income changes documented by the Current Population Survey {link:10150}

From the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth:

At any time in your life, have you ever had sexual intercourse with a man, that is, made love, had sex, or gone all the way?

  1. Yes
  2. No

Fecundity status:

  1. Surgically Sterile, Contraceptive
  2. Surgically Sterile, Noncontraceptive
  3. Sterile, Nonsurgical
  4. Subfecund
  5. Long Interval (Infertile for 36+ months)
  6. Fecund

Are you pregnant now?

  1. Yes
  2. No

Is the reason you are not using a method of birth control now because you, yourself, want to become pregnant as soon as possible?

  1. Yes
  2. No
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Not applicable
Methodology Notes

The Guttmacher Institute periodically estimates the number of women in need of publicly supported contraceptive services and supplies, as well as the number of women who receive public-sector contraceptive services in the United States. Estimates of women in need of services are based on population estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau; income data from the Current Population Survey (at the national level) and the Bureau of Economic Analysis (at the county level), and characteristics of women from the National Survey of Family Growth. Estimates on the number of women receiving publicly supported contraceptive services come from Guttmacher’s Census of Publicly Funding Family Planning Clinics and from the Medicaid Statistical Information System. Additional information on the methodology has been published.

Women are defined as in need of contraceptive services and supplies during a given year if they are aged 13-44, have ever had sexual intercourse, neither they nor their partners have been sterilized, and they are neither pregnant nor trying to get pregnant.

Women are defined as in need of publicly supported contraceptive services if they are in need of contraceptive services and are either aged 20 or older with a family income below 250% of the federal poverty level, or are younger than age 20 regardless of family income level.

References

Additional resources about the objective.

  1. Frost, J., Frohwirth, L., Blades, N., & Sonfield, A. (2009). Detailed methodology for enumerating the number of women receiving public-sector contraceptive services in 2006. Available at http://www.guttmacher.org/pubs/win/providermethods2006.pdf.
  2. Henshaw, S. & Frost, J. (2009). Detailed methodology for estimating the number of women in need of contraceptive services and supplies in 2006. Available at http://www.guttmacher.org/pubs/win/winmethods2006.pdf.