Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.
From the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth:
Have you ever been treated for an infection in your fallopian tubes, womb, or ovaries, also called a pelvic infection, pelvic inflammatory disease, or P.I.D.?
There are no reliable national surveillance systems that measure women requiring treatment for PID. This measure, based on data from NSFG, is used as a proxy.
PID is a subjective diagnosis made by physicians. Laparoscopy is required for a definitive diagnosis of PID. The data from the NSFG are self-reported and therefore may not be accurate, particularly due to the unknown prevalence of asymptomatic or subclinical PID.
More than 50 percent of all preventable infertility among women is a result of STDs, primarily Chlamydia and gonorrhea. Because most infected women and at least one half of infected men have no symptoms or have such mild symptoms that they do not seek medical care, many infections go undetected and are not reported or counted. Untreated Chlamydia and gonorrhea infections can cause severe and costly reproductive and other adverse health consequences, including pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which can lead to infertility. Between 10-20 percent of females with untreated Chlamydia infections develop PID, and 20 percent of those may become infertile.
Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.
The original baseline was revised in 2012 from 4.0 percent to 4.2 percent due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 3.6 percent to 3.8 percent to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.
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