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SA-2.3 Data Details

SA-2.3 Increase the proportion of high school seniors never using substances—Alcoholic beverages

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
Monitoring the Future Study (MTF); National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIH/NIDA)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Baseline (Year)
27.7 (2009)
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Number of 12th grade students who report never using alcohol
Number of 12th grade students
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2009 Monitoring the Future Study:


On how many occasions (if any) have you had alcohol to drink - more than just a few sips.

  • ... in your lifetime?
  • ... during the last 12 months?
  • ... during the last 30 days?

[Mark one choice for each line.]

  1. 0 occasions
  2. 1-2 occasions
  3. 3-5 occasions
  4. 6-9 occasions
  5. 10-19 occasions
  6. 20-39 occasions
  7. 40 or more
Data Collection Frequency
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Students are considered to have never used alcohol if they respond they drank alcohol on 0 occasions in their lifetime. Data are based on students in attendance on the day of the survey administration. A description of the Monitoring the Future Study (MTF) has been published by NIDA.


Additional resources about the objective.

  1. Johnston, L. D., O'Malley, P. M., Bachman, J. G., & Schulenberg, J. E. Monitoring the Future national results on adolescent drug use: Overview of key findings, 2009. NIH Publication No. 10-7583. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2010.