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RD-1.3 Data Details

RD-1.3 Reduce asthma deaths among adults aged 65 years and older

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Vital Statistics System-Mortality (NVSS-M); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Population Estimates; U.S. Census Bureau (Census)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
per 1,000,000 
Baseline (Year)
43.4 (2007)
Target-Setting Method
Projection/trend analysis
Number of asthma deaths (ICD-10 codes J45-J46) among persons aged 65 years and over
Number of persons aged 65 years and over
Data Collection Frequency
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Deaths due to asthma (ICD-10 codes J45-J46).

FOR SINGLE DATA YEARS: Death rates are calculated based on the resident population of the United States for the data year involved. For census years (e.g. 2010), population counts enumerated as of April 1 are used. For all other years, populations estimates as of July 1 are used. Postcensal population estimates are used in rate calculations for years after a census year and match the data year vintage (e.g. July 1, 2011 resident population estimates from Vintage 2011 are used as the denominator for 2011 rates). Intercensal population estimates are used in rate calculations for the years between censuses (e.g. 1991-1999, 2001-2009). Race-specific population estimates for 1991 and later use bridged-race categories.

Trend Issues
Mortality data by marital status were not available for 60% of Georgia’s records in 2008 and 94% of Georgia’s records in 2009. Therefore, 2008 and 2009 data by marital status should be interpreted with caution.
Target Calculation Methods
The average annual percent change for the period from 1999 to 2007 was 4.7 percent of the baseline rate (43.3 per million population aged 65 years and over). Applying a 4.7 percent decrease to each successive year from 2008 to 2017 resulted in a target value of 22.9 deaths per million population for this age group.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2013, rates for 2007–2009 were revised using intercensal population estimates based on the 2000 and 2010 censuses instead of the postcensal estimates for the denominator. Thus, the original baseline was revised from 43.3 to 43.4 deaths per million adults aged 65 years and over. The target was adjusted from 22.9 to 21.5 deaths per million to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.