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OSH-4 Data Details

OSH-4 Reduce pneumoconiosis deaths

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Surveillance System for Pneumoconiosis Mortality (NSSPM); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (CDC/NIOSH)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
No
Measure
number 
Baseline (Year)
2,430 (2005)
Target
2,187
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of deaths with pneumoconiosis (ICD-10 codes J60 to J66) coded as any mention on the death certificate (underlying or listed on the entity axis of the record)
Data Collection Frequency
Annual
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Pneumoconiosis death data are extracted directly from mortality data made available by the National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System-Mortality (NVSS-M). Any mention of deaths due to asbestosis, silicosis, coal workers' pneumoconiosis, byssinosis, or other and unspecified pneumoconioses on the death certificate are counted. Specifically, deaths counted are those with one or more of the above pneumoconioses based on the ICD-10 (International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision) codes listed as underlying cause or listed on the entity axis of the multiple-cause-of-death record. Data are restricted to decedents aged 15 years and older in order to more closely represent members of the working population.

While pneumoconiosis is preventable through effective control of worker exposure to occupational dusts, there are still over an average of 2,600 pneumoconiosis deaths per year since 2000. This objective plays an important role in maintaining attention to, and as appropriate, enhancing control of occupational exposures to hazardous dusts. In tracking mortality, it is important to note that pneumoconioses are typically chronic diseases with long latency, so death is substantially delayed from initial diagnosis (which is delayed from initial exposure).

References

Additional resources about the objective.

  1. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Work-related lung disease surveillance report. http://www2.cdc.gov/drds/WorldReportData 2008.