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OSH-2.1 Data Details

OSH-2.1 Reduce work-related injuries in private sector industries resulting in medical treatment, lost time from work, or restricted work activity, as reported by employers

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII); Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL/BLS)
Current Population Survey (CPS); U.S. Census Bureau and Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics (Census and DOL/BLS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
No
Measure
per 100 
Baseline (Year)
4.2 (2007)
Target
3.8
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of reported work-related nonfatal injuries
Denominator
Total number of hours worked by workers
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2007 Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses,:

[NUMERATOR:]


Tell us about the Case

Go to your completed OSHA Form 300. Copy the case information from that form into the spaces below.

Employee’s name________

Job title ________

Date of injury or onset of illness ___/___/___

Number of days away from work_____

Number of days of job transfer or restriction_____


Tell us about the Employee

Check the category which best describes the employee's regular type of job or work: (optional)

  1. Office, professional, business, or management staff
  2. Sales
  3. Product assembly, manufacture
  4. Repair, installation or service of machines, equipment
  5. Construction
  6. Other (specify)
  7. Healthcare
  8. Delivery or driving
  9. Food service
  10. Cleaning, maintenance of building, grounds
  11. Material handling (e.g. stocking, loading/unloading, moving, etc.)
  12. Farming

Employee’s race or ethnic background: (optional-check one or more)

  1. American Indian or Alaska Native
  2. Asian
  3. Black or African American
  4. Hispanic or Latino
  5. Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
  6. White
  7. Not available

NOTE: You may either answer questions (3) to (13) or attach a copy of a supplementary document that answers them.

Employee’s age: ___OR date of birth: Month___Day___Year___

Employee’s date hired: Month___Day___Year___

OR check length of service at establishment when incident occurred:

  1. Less than 3 months
  2. From 3 to 11 months
  3. From 1 to 5 years
  4. Someone in household died from food allergy (Go to M1died, then skip to Section P)
  5. More than 5 years

Employee’s gender:

  1. Male
  2. Female

Tell us about the incident

Answer the questions below or attach a copy of a supplementary document that answers them.

Was employee treated in an emergency room?

  1. yes
  2. no

Was employee hospitalized overnight as an in-patient?

  1. yes
  2. no

Time employee began work_____

  1. am
  2. pm

Time of event_____

  1. am
  2. pm OR
  3. Check if time cannot be determined

What was the employee doing just before the incident occurred? Describe the activity as well as the tools, equipment, or material the employee was using. Be specific. Examples: “climbing a ladder while carrying roofing materials”; “spraying chlorine from hand sprayer”; “daily computer key-entry.”

What happened? Tell us how the injury or illness occurred. Examples: “When ladder slipped on wet floor, worker fell 20 feet”; “Worker was sprayed with chlorine when gasket broke during replacement”; “Worker developed soreness in wrist over time.”

What was the injury or illness? Tell us the part of the body that was affected and how it was affected; be more specific than “hurt,” “pain,” or “sore.” Examples: “strained back”; “chemical burn, hand”; “carpal tunnel syndrome.”

What object or substance directly harmed the employee? Examples: “concrete floor”; “chlorine”; “radial arm saw.” If this question does not apply to the incident, leave it blank.

Data Collection Frequency
Annual
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Nonfatal occupational injuries are defined as any injury such as a cut, fracture, sprain, amputation etc., which results from a work-related event or from a single instantaneous exposure in the work environment.

The SOII collects data on injuries that the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) defines as recordable. SOII is a cooperative Federal–State program in which employer reports of occupational injuries and illnesses based on OSHA recordkeeping rules are collected from a nationally representative sample of private industry establishments. This includes work-related injuries involving loss of consciousness, days away from work, restricted work activity or job transfer, or medical treatment other than first aid. For this objective nonfatal occupational injuries include those to workers, regardless of age, that involve days away from work as well as those without lost workdays.

For the first time in 2008, the SOII provided national public sector estimates covering nearly 19 million state and local government workers. The survey excludes the self-employed, farms with fewer than 11 employees, private household workers, and employees in Federal government agencies.

The rate per 100 full-time equivalent workers is computed by (1) dividing the number of occupational injuries reported by the total number of hours worked by all employees during the calendar year, and (2) multiplying the result by 200,000. The factor 200,000 represents the hours worked in a year by 100 full-time equivalent workers (working 40 hours work per week, 50 weeks a year).

Nonfatal work-related injuries continue to take a toll on the U.S. workforce with an estimated 4.6 million injuries resulting in medical treatment, lost time from work, or restricted work activity reported by employers in 2008, and an estimated 3.4 million occupational injuries and illnesses treated in emergency departments in 2007. While the data from employer-reports have suggested considerable reductions in work-related injury incidence rates over time, the data from emergency departments have suggested stable rates in recent years. Work-related injuries are preventable.

Caveats and Limitations
Recent reports, including a 2009 GAO report, have questioned the completeness and accuracy of the employer reports included in SOII.  BLS is conducting research to address the potential undercount in SOII, and NIOSH has recently begun research to increase understanding of barriers and incentives for workers to report injuries. Additionally, in October 2009, OSHA began a program to emphasize recordkeeping, including having OSHA inspectors review the occupational injury and illness records prepared by businesses. 

References

Additional resources about the objective.

  1. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Workplace Injuries and Illnesses 2008. Washington, DC: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, USDL 09-1302, October 2009.
  2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [in press]. Workers’ Memorial Day --- April 28, 2010. MMWR 59(16), April 30, 2010.
  3. DOL. News Release. U.S. Labor Department's OSHA begins National Emphasis Program on recordkeeping to determine accuracy of worker injury and illness data. Washington, DC: Department of Labor, OSHA, October 1, 2009, O0-775-NAT. http://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=NEWS_RELEASES&p_id=16488
  4. Estes CR, Jackson LL, Castillo DN. Occupational Injuries and Deaths among Younger Workers. MMWR 59(15). April 23, 2007
  5. Government Accountability Office. Workplace safety and health: Enhancing OSHA's records audit process could improve the accuracy of worker injury and illness data. October 2009, GA)-10-10. http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d1010.pdfO-OSHA-200910.pdf" title="http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d1010.pdf" target="_blank">http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d1010.pdfO-OSHA-200910.pdf
  6. Ruser J. Examining evidence on whether BLS undercounts workplace injuries and illnesses. Monthly Labor Review, August 2008:20-32.http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2008/08/art2full.pdf.